Themes Of Animal Farm” by George Orwell Essay Sample
Although Orwell aims his sarcasm at dictatorship—Communism. Fascism. and Capitalism—Animal Farm has its construction mostly based on the events of the Russian Revolution that took topographic point between 1917 and 1944. when Orwell was composing the novelette. Much of what happens in the novelette symbolically describes specific developments in the history of Russian Communism. and several of the carnal characters are based on existent participants in the Russian Revolution. Due to the cosmopolitan relevancy of the novella’s subjects. we do non necessitate to possess an encyclopaedic cognition of Marxist Leninism or Russian history in order to appreciate Orwell’s sarcasm of them. Subjects are the cardinal and frequently cosmopolitan thoughts investigated in a literary work. Animal Farm is most celebrated in the West as a rough analysis of the history and linguistic communication of the Russian Revolution. Reciting the narrative of the outgrowth and development of Soviet communism in the signifier of an carnal fabrication. Animal Farm allegorizes the rise to power of the dictator Joseph Stalin.
In the novelette. the overthrow of the human oppressor Mr. Jones by a democratic alliance of animate beings rapidly gives manner to the consolidation of power among the hogs. Much like the Soviet clerisy. the pigs set up themselves as the governing category in the new society. The battle for domination between Leon Trotsky and Stalin emerges in the hostility between the hogs Snowball and Napoleon. In both the historical and fictional instances. the idealistic but politically less powerful figure ( Trotsky and Snowball ) is expelled from the radical province by the wicked and violent supplanter of power ( Stalin and Napoleon ) . The purgings and show tests with which Stalin eliminated his enemies and solidified his political base happen look in Animal Farm as the false confessions and executings of animate beings whom Napoleon distrusts following the prostration of the windmill. Stalin’s oppressive regulation and eventual forsaking of the founding rules of the Russian Revolution are represented by the pigs’ bend to violent authorities and the acceptance of human traits and behaviors. the furnishings of their original oppressors.
Although Orwell believed strongly in socialist ideals. he felt that the Soviet Union realized these ideals in a awfully bad signifier. His novelette creates its most powerful sarcasms in the minutes in which Orwell depicts the corruptness of Animalist ideals by those in power. For Animal Farm serves non so much to reprobate dictatorship or absolutism as to impeach the dismaying lip service of dictatorships that base themselves on. and owe their initial power to. political orientations of release and equality. The gradual decomposition and perversion of the Seven Commandments illustrates this lip service with graphic force. as do Squealer’s lucubrate philosophical justifications for the pigs’ blatantly unprincipled actions. Therefore. the novelette analyses the force of the Stalinist authorities against the human existences it ruled. and besides points to Soviet communism’s force against human logic. linguistic communication. and ideals. Animal Farm offers commentary on the development of category dictatorship and the human inclination to keep and re-establish category constructions even in societies that purportedly stand for entire equality.
The novelette illustrates how categories that are ab initio unified in the face of a common enemy. as the animate beings are against the worlds. may go internally divided when that enemy is eliminated. The ejection of Mr. Jones creates a power vacuity. and it is merely so long before the following oppressor assumes autocratic control. The natural division between rational and physical labor rapidly comes to show itself as a new set of category divisions. with the “brainworkers” ( as the hogs claim to be ) utilizing their superior intelligence to command society to their ain benefit. Orwell ne’er clarifies in Animal Farm whether this negative province of personal businesss constitutes an built-in facet of society or simply an result dependant on the unity of a society’s clerisy. In either instance. the novelette points to the force of this inclination toward category stratification in many communities and the menace that it poses to democracy and freedom. One of the novella’s most impressive actions is its portrayal non merely of the figures in power but besides of the laden people themselves. Animal Farm is non told from the point of view of any peculiar character. though on occasion it does steal into Clover’s consciousness.
Rather. the narrative is told from the point of position of the common animate beings as a whole. Innocent. loyal. and hardworking. these animate beings give Orwell a opportunity to chalk out how state of affairss of subjugation arise non merely from the motivations and programs of the oppressors but besides from the simpleness of the oppressed that are non needfully in a place to be better educated or informed. When presented with a job. Boxer prefers non to perplex out the deductions of assorted possible actions but alternatively to reiterate to himself. “Napoleon is ever right. ” Animal Farm demonstrates how the inability or involuntariness to oppugn authorization condemns the working category to endure the full extent of the opinion class’s subjugation.
One of Orwell’s cardinal concerns. both in Animal Farm and in 1984. is the manner in which linguistic communication can be used as an instrument of control. In Animal Farm. the hogs bit by bit twist and alter an look of socialist revolution to warrant their behavior and to maintain the other animate beings in the dark. The animate beings heartily grip Major’s airy ideal of socialism. but after Major dies. the hogs bit by bit twist the significance of his words. As a consequence. the other animate beings seem unable to oppose the hogs without besides opposing the ideals of the Rebellion. By the terminal of the novelette. after Squealer’s repeated reconfigurations of the Seven Commandments in order to let the pigs’ perfidies. the chief rule of the farm can be openly stated as “all animate beings are equal. but some animate beings are more equal than others. ” This shocking abuse of the word “equal” and of the ideal of equality in general typifies the pigs’ method. which becomes progressively bold as the novel progresses. Orwell’s fashionable disclosure of this abuse of linguistic communication remains one of the most compelling and digesting characteristics of Animal Farm.