Thesis

1 January 2018

Chalked Hussein’s aim was to not only call attention to the devastation in Afghanistan; he set out to remind the world that before he last few decades under the world’s scrutinizing eye slighting the negativity of the country, Afghanistan was a generally peaceful nation. Afghanistan gained international attention after the coup of 1973. From 1933 until 1973 Afghanistan was ruled by monarchy. On July 1 7th 1 973 power was seized from the monarchy and by April 1978 the power of the country lied in the hands of the PDA or the people’s Democratic party of Afghanistan.The military coup was nearly bloodless, but was still a very frightening time for the people of Kabul who heard rioting and shooting in the streets; as is depicted through the eyes of Emir, the protagonist of The Kite Runner. The PDA instituted many political and social reforms in Afghanistan, including abolishing religious and traditional customs.

The reforms incensed groups of Afghans who believed in adherence to traditional and religious laws. 1 979 brought the beginning of an occupation by the Soviet Army which would last a decade.This is the historical point in the Kite Runner where the protagonist and his father leave Afghanistan. The Muslim internal forces, or mushiness, were represented by the character Afraid and his father who engaged in the resistance against the Soviets on the side of Islam. In 1992, with the collapse of the Soviet Union, the shedding finally won Afghanistan and converted it to an Islamic State. Despite the Soviet withdrawal, there was still a great deal of infighting and unrest among rival militias within the country.Unrest made everyday life in Afghanistan during this time unsafe.

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In The Kite Runner, Hussein chooses the figure Ihram Khan to represent a voice of reasoning. Khan describes the fear in Kabul during this time; “The infighting between the factions was fierce and no one knew if they if they would live to see the end Of the day. Our ears became accustomed to the rumble of gunfire, our eyes familiar with the sight f men digging bodies out of piles of rubble. Kabul in those days… Was as close as you could get to that proverbial hell on earth.

Khan’s description of the situation in Kabul directly reflects Kabul in the sass and also present day Afghanistan and the Middle East as a whole. The Taliban is a internationally and infamously known fundamental Muslim movement. A negative retrospective surrounds the Taliban movement and militia due to their reputation of terror reeking, however in 1 996 when the Taliban first took control of Kabul, their presence was welcomed. The country ND populous were vulnerable after many years violence and insecurity in Afghanistan. To describe the public reaction Hussein employs Ihram Khan once again; “…

We all celebrated in 1996 when the Taliban rolled in and put an end to the daily fighting” However, soon after their arrival life in Afghanistan had become dangerous once again under their corrupt leadership. The Islamic community became divided by what can be best described as an Iron Curtain. Although a disagreement between the Sunnis and Shiite of Islam has always been present, the Taliban developed the separation into a tangible battle. The Taliban, as Sunnis fundamentalist supremacists, systematically massacred Shiites including the Hazard people.In The Kite Runner, we see how the Taliban used fear and violence to control the people of Afghanistan, for example at the frequent and very explicit and public executions Safes held in Zigzag Stadium. Hussein’s stance on the separation of Islam can be best observed through the relationship of Emir, a Sunnis Pasha’s, and his servant, Hessian, a Shiite Hazard. The friendship of Emir and Hosannas was partly inspired by Hussein’s own relationship with Hussein Khan, a Shiite Hazard cook that worked for his Emily.

Chalked Hussein and Hussein Khan developed a relationship similar to that of Emir and Hessian’s ; both Emir and the author are identified as Passions while Hosannas and Hussein Khan as Hazards–even the names of the servants of the Passions seem similar. The social stature and ethnic differences of the two boys is the main factor of interest in The Kite Runner. The primary conflict of racism in the novel is against the Hazard, who practice Shih’s Islam. The dominant group is the Passions who practice Sunnis Islam. ” The Hazard are generally treated very inhumane in Afghanistan.They are the poor population of the country and the racism against them in Afghanistan is reflected in the novel through their treatment. Houses inn’s even includes how the Hazard are identified in the country stating they are immediately recognizable having stereotypical Mongolia traits such as a flat nose and pointed cheek bones.

Some characters call Iranians childhood friend Hosannas a “mice-eating, flat-nosed, load-carrying donkey. Emir and his father use the division between Pasha’s and Hazard to oppress them in the most insidious of ways, as they pretend to be close to Hosannas andAll, while keeping them at an arms distance as servants. When Emir and his wife adopt Hasn’t son Sahara, Emir protests, “l have to deal with the community’s perception of our family. People will ask. They will want to know why there’s a Hazard boy living with our daughter. What do I tell them? ” In some sense, the persecution is a prevalent theme all the way through the book because, according to the author Hussein, the disenfranchised, displaced Afghans find the need to hold on to some remnant of power, specifically by discriminating against the Hazard.Emir’s view of the Hazard rarely changes although Hosannas made many sacrifices for Emir and was truly his only friend.

ABA has a similar relationship with All, Hessian’s father. Emir’s grandfather adopted All as his own son, and Abs’s brother, but his role is always as a servant. This may be the authors way of reflecting on the separation of the Islamic community and a view into the mind of Afghans-?the separation will and must always exists in their minds as long as there is unrest in Afghanistan; after extended trauma internally it may be the only way they can capture an identity or image of who they may be.After the events of September 1 1, 2001, the United States invaded Afghan of Afghanistan and overthrew the Taliban. This is also when Hussein began working on the Kite Runner, finishing a year later in 2002 and publishing the novel in 2003. Initially he considered abandoning the entire project, but with the defeat of the Taliban, he felt is was even more important to tell his story to the world. Hussein did not return to Kabul until after the publication of The Kite Runner in 2003 and much of his portrayal of Afghanistan after the Soviet takeover is based on research.

Hussein’s choice of time period responds with his own life. In 1 980, The Hussein’s were granted political asylum by the United States after being relocated for several years in Paris due to the Soviet invasion. Emir and ABA also relocate to the United States during this period of unrest for Afghanistan. Structurally, The Kite Runner and the life of Chalked Hussein can be divided into three sections: memories of pre-conflict Afghanistan, adjusting to life in America, and returning to Taliban-controlled Afghanistan.The intimate examination of relationships amid the fraught environment of Afghanistan ere Hussein’s attempt to give a voice to the Afghan people. Hussein offers a detailed, human account of life and survival in Afghanistan by giving the people a voice and a story, not just a negative image seen by outside eyes. In a 2003 interview Hussein expressed joy stating, “I get daily e-mails from Afghans who thank me for writing this book, as they feel a slice of their story has be told by one of their own.

” In 2006, Hussein was named a Goodwill Envoy to MUNCH, the United Nations Refugee Agency.His commitment to do a service for his people goes beyond his literature and shows the passion Enid his intentions. After becoming inspired by a trip to Afghanistan he establish The Chalked Hussein Foundation, a nonprofit which provides humanitarian assistance to the people of Afghanistan; all while he still resides in Northern California. A negative image of Afghanistan has been built since its government has been corrupted. In the resolution of the novel Emir discovers Hosannas was actually his half-brother.This revelation gives perspective to the entire situation of Afghanistan-Hosannas and Emir came from separate backgrounds, and are different ethnicities they were family the entire time. Just as the Shiite and Sunnis have different beliefs and the Pasha’s and Hazard are from different backgrounds in the end there is a common blood shared and that is the Islamic religion.

Despite their differences, their origin is the same and as one they create a family. Chalked Hussein wrote “The Kite Runner” to bring a new, more positive kind of attention to his country.Although fictional, the relationships and situations in The Kite Runner depict reality rooted in real political and historical events of Afghanistan. The social impact of The Kite Runner was widespread. The contemporary evolve provided insight into historical events from a not-so-distant past, sparking interest in previously ill-informed readers. Hussein enabled readers to envision history by conceptualizing it through a well fleshed out character. The world, particularly the United States, is very ignorant and biased to the situation of the Afghan people more so after the event of 9/11.

Coincidentally, 9/1 1 occurred six months into Hussein’s work on The Kite Runner. The times were catastrophic but for Hussein the timing a propitious. The Kite Runner became an international bestseller. The book served to ridge the cultural divide and surmount headlines with its Story Of a young boy contending with political and personal turmoil. 2001 was the year many Americans first learned where Kabul, the country’s capital, was and who the Taliban were. To a great extent, Americans had pictured Afghanistan as a land of cave-dwelling terrorists. The Kite Runner helped fill in that very rudimentary picture.

Its cultural richness, accounts of ethnic conflicts, even its evocation of annual children’s kite contests helped the world build a more humane prospect on Afghanistan. Despite the impact The Kite Runner had on the world, the effect in Hussein’s anomaly, Afghanistan was very different. Afghans experienced outrage in contrast to the positive response brewing from everywhere else. When the film version of the Kite Runner was released, Americans sympathized with the character Of Hosannas, who was raped in an alleyway by Safes for defending his Pasha’s companion Emir.In Afghanistan the rape scene triggered threats of violence against the three Afghan child actors who appear in the film, demands that the scene be cut, articles about Hollywood exploitation -? and an ensuing P. R. Disaster for Paramount, which had to delay the film’s release until the kids were safely out of Afghanistan.

The children and their guardians had been relocated to an unnamed city in the United Arab Emirates for the safety because controversy of the Kite Runner caused tensions to boil so high.Nonetheless, Hussein’s project was a success. He provided insight for the world into what was really happening in Afghanistan beyond the headlines. In a humane retrospective, he showed a completely different side of Afghanistan. Usually stories about Afghanistan fall into “Taliban and war on terror< or "narcotics" -? the same old things. The Kite Runner was the story bout family life, about customs, about the drama within a household, a window into a different side of Afghanistan.The Kite Runner delve into a world of confusion, in the midst of more confusion but still provided a crystal clear image and storyline that was easily relatable, even as fiction.

The War helped the book become published but The Kite Runner is still embraced even now. By putting a face on international news Hussein helped demystify Afghanistan for a lot of people. The Kite Runner not only affected individuals, but a whole generation who grew up seeing the biased headlines, and the beech of ignorant, ill-informed people.

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