Three types of law enforcement levels
There are three different levels of law enforcement, local, state and federal. Each of which level does a wide variety of different things varying from taking people to the hospital to arresting terrorists. The first level I will talk about is local policing. Local policing and its duties include law enforcement, order mainetence or peacekeeping, service, and information gathering. Some examples of law enforcement include arresting perpetrators and investigating crimes.
Order maintence include intervening in domestic disputes before they get violent, “breaking up fights, and holding back crowds at sporting events (168).” Local police services include “taking people to hospitals, escorting funeral processions, and chasing bats out of a caller’s house (168).” Lastly, information gathering, which is investigating missing child cases and other details relating to ongoing investigations. While some larger local police agencies take on more responsibilities and are but not limited to such: internet crimes, narcotics, arson/bomb squads, child exploitation, and homeland security. State law enforcement agencies otherwise known as the state police and highway patrol have the same responsibilities as local law enforcement but can essentially work on cases and enforce the law anywhere in the state unlike the local police who have certain jurisdictions. Although even highway patrols can and will intervene on drug cases, for example if a suspect is carrying drugs across state lines, or is about to.
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Hawaii is the only state without a state patrol agency. Federal law agencies including FBI, U.S. Secret Service, DEA, Customs and Border Protection, and Homeland Security are some of the largest. Yet, they do not have the same responsibilities per say as the local police do. Some may argue that they have more important jobs than the local police. “Three major differences exist between federal law enforcement and local and state police agencies with which we are likely to be more familiar. First, Federal agencies such as the FBI operate across the entire nation and even have agents serving abroad. Second, federal police agencies do not, as a rule, have the peacekeeping or order maintenance duties typical in local policing. Finally, some federal law enforcement agencies have extremely narrow jurisdictions (176).”
Homeland security, one of the many federal law agencies is responsible for preventing terrorist attacks, reducing the vulnerability to terrorism, minimizing damage and assisting in recovery from attacks that occur in the U.S., “carrying out all function of entities transferred to the department, including by acting as a focal point regarding natural and manmade crises and emergency planning. While also ensuring that the functions of the agencies and subdivisions within the department are not related directly to securing the homeland are not diminished or neglected except by an explicit act of congress, ensure that the overall economic security of the United States is not diminished by efforts, activities, and programs aimed at securing the homeland, monitor connections between illegal drug trafficking and terrorism, coordinate efforts to sever such connections, and otherwise contribute to efforts to interdict illegal drug trafficking.”