Timber Classifications (slides 3-16) Most commonly used types of timber (slide 17) Brief description, pictures & uses of most commonlyused timber in Sri Lanka ( 19-26) Timber Classifications Supper Luxury Class Teak Ebony Nedun Calamander Tectona grandis Diospyros ebenum Pericopsis mooniana Diospyros quaesita Timber Classifications Luxury Class Satin Halmilla Milla Mahogany (narrow leaves) Mahogany (broad leaved) Jak Chloroxylon swietenia Berrya cordifolia Vitex pinnata Swietenia microphyla Swetenia Macrophylla Artocarpus heterophyllus Timber Classifications Special Class Upper
Gammalu Hulanhik Pterocarpus marsapium Chukrasia velutina Margosa Suriyamara, Wewarana Kolon Velang Palu Azadirachta indica Albizia odoratissima Alseodaphane semecarpifolia Adina cardifolia Pterospermum canescens Manickara hexandra Timber Classifications Special Class Tamarind (Hard Wood), Kumbuk Tamarindus indica Terminalia arjuna Eucalyptus microcorys Timber Classifications Class 1 Tawwanna Uva Mandora Munamal Ubberiya Eucalyptus Pilularis Eucalyptus Pilularis, Aceasia Melanoxylon Palacuium rubiginosum Hopea cordifolia Mimusops elengi Carallia calycina Eucalyptus Pilularis Eucalyptus Pilularis, Aceasia Melanoxylon
Page 1 Timber Classifications Class 1 Hora Kirihambiliya Dipterocarpus zeylanicus Palaquium grande Page2 Urukanu or Uruhonda Mandora Pihimbiya Ginikulu Lasianthera apicalis Vertica chinensis Filicium decipiens Diospyros oocarpa Halamba Del Liyan Mitragyna parvifolia Artocarpus nobills Homalium zeylanicum Timber Classifications Class 1 Panakka Neralu Madan Pleurostylia opposita Elaeodendron Glausum Syzygium Cumini Page3 Koon Na Pathkela & Keeriya Paramara Hedawaka Schleichera eleosa Mesua ferrea Bridelia Mooni / Acacialeucophloea Samamea saman Chaetocarpus castanocarpus Treated Grandis
Eucalyptus grandis Timber Classifications Class 2 Alubo Dawata Dawul-Kurundu Godapara Halmandora Panamora Wa Wellpenna Toona Syzygium Makul Carallia brachiata Neolitssa cassia Dillenia retusa Vatica offinis Doona oblonga Cassia siamea Amisophyllea cinnamocides Cedrella toona Page1 Timber Classifications Class 2 Mihiriya Damba Karaw Panu-Dan Rathatiya Thimbiri Dorana Na-Imbul Gonapana Cordonia zeylanica Syzygium gardneri Prosouus indicus Syzyjium spp Palaquium thwaitsii Diospyros embryopteria Diptejacarpus glandulosus Harpullia arborsa Garcinia spicata Page2 Timber Classifications Class 2
Kosganna Kiripedda Talang Eucalyptus Grandis Cypress Ethdemata Ginisapu Ehela Kirikoon & Dunumandala Boron Treated Sawn Rubberwood, Ficus altissima Palaquium grande Listea gardneri Eucalyptus Grandis Cupresus macrocarpa / Gmelina arborea Michelia champaca Cassia fistula Walsura piscidia / stevosperm tetragonnm Hevea braciliensis Page3 Timber Classifications Class 2 Alastonia (Havari Nuga) Boron Treated Sawn Pinus Eucalyptus Robusta (Red Gum) Blue Gum, Alstonia macrophylla Pinus spp Eucalyptus Robusta (Red Gum) Eucalyptus globulus Page 4 Comporta Redness Coconut Thiththeta.
All Doona and shorea spp:except doona congestiflora All calophyllum spp: species other than calaphyllum bracteatum Aporesa cardiosperma Trichadenia zeylanica All Doona and shorea spp:except doona congestiflora All calophyllum spp: species other than calaphyllum bracteatum Timber Classifications Class 3 Aridda Malaboda Diyathaliya Pinus Lunumedella Kalu-Sudu Thalambu Atamba Bulu Kahata Mangifera zeylanica Terminalia belerica Careya arbovea Compnosperma zeylanica Myristica dactylosdes Mastixia tetrandra Pinus spp: Melia dulia Page 1 Timber Classifications Class 3 Rubber
Rata-amba (Mango) Ratadel Godakaduru Gokalu Sabbukku(Gravilliya) Accacia Decaran Strychuos nuxvomica Garcinia morella Gravillea robusta Accacia Decaran Page 2 Hevea braciliensis Mangifera indica Athdemata Godakirilla Gmelina arborea Holoptelea integrifolia Timber Classifications Class 3 Mara Kataboda Goraka Tammarin(Sapwood) Bakme Kakuna Casurina(Kasa Kasa) Page 3 Albizzia molucana Cullenia ceylonica Garcinia cambogia Tamarindus indica Nauclea orientalis Canarium zeylanicum Casuarina equisetifolia Beth-hik Davu. Lannea coromandelica Anogeissus latifolia Most commonly used types of Timber Kumbuk /Arjun/White mardah » Burutha (Satin wood) » Nedun » Mara » Halmilla /Trincomalee wood/Petwood » Teak ( Sri Lankan) » Calamander » Jak (D. quaesita) (Artocarpus heterophylum) (Terminalia Arjuna) (Chloroxylon swetenia DC. ) (Pericopsis Mooniana) (Albizia Odoratissima) (Berrya cordifolia ) Description of tree Kumbuk /Arjun/White mardah-(Terminalia Arjuna) The tree yields a dense timber which in modern times is being used for furniture, flooring and decking (both outdoor/indoor), heavy and light construction and in the past railway sleepers and boat building.
Kumbuk is the most majestic & beautiful of all other trees and its timber is one of the most attractive in the world Description of tree Burutha (Satin wood)-(Chloroxylon swetenia DC. ) The Satinwood or Burutha is a large tree growing upto 30 m. The tree has a characteristically grayish green appearance and feathery crown. The wood is hard and heavy and when polished has a lustrous, satiny, honey coloured grain. It is prized for making furniture and also for building purposes. Description of tree Nedun-(Pericopsis Mooniana)
Is found on the western coast, from the southwestern province to the Sabaragamuwa Province, including the hill country. Chocolate brown in color with striking grain, this wood has a lustrous polish and color that deepens with age. Description of tree Mara -(Albizia labbek) Is a rare and valuable tree found bordering forest areas. This tree produces a long straight bole and when polished takes on a gold luster. Description of tree Halmilla /Trincomalee wood/Petwood-(Berrya cordifolia ) This is found in the low land dry zone encircling the central mountains.
It has a brownish color, is easy to work, and takes on a good polished look. The wood was also used for arrack casks as it is durable and lends itself to bending. Description of tree Teak (Tectona grandis) Teak is a close grained hardwood. This makes it possible to cut joints very accurately and makes it suitable for carving as the close grain means it can be carved to include great detail. It is one of the hardest, strongest and most durable of all natural woods. Resistant to rotting and to the effects of hot sun, rain, frost or snow, making it most suitable for outside. Description of tree
Calamander (D. quaesita) Calamander wood or Coromandel wood is a valuable wood from India, Sri Lanka (Ceylon) and South East Asia. It is of a hazel-brown color, with black stripes (or the other way about), very heavy and hard. It is also known as Macassar Ebony or variegated ebony and is closely related to genuine ebony, but is obtained from different species in the same genus; one of these is Diospyros quaesita Thwaites, from Sri Lanka. The name Calamander comes from the local sinhalese name, ‘kalu-medhiriya’, which means dark chamber; referring to the characteristic ebony black wood.
It is used in furniture, Luthiery and for sculpture. Description of tree Jak (Artocarpus heterophylum) The golden yellow-coloured timber with good grains is used for building furniture and house construction . Jackfruit wood is widely used in the manufacture of furniture, doors and windows, and in roof construction. The heartwood is used by Buddhist forest monastics in Southeast Asia as a dye, giving the robes of the monks in those traditions their distinctive light-brown color.