To His Coy Mistress

11 November 2016

Had we but world enough, and time, This coyness, lady, were no crime”. An old gentleman is trying to win a heart of a young woman. She could be a coquette that seduces men to gain their admiration and the affections, for the sake of praising their beauty or from a desire of conquest; and would not respond to their feelings while she is toying them. At any rate, it was more than the convention in Marvels’ day for a pretty woman when she found herself talking with any man, displaying her shyness or reserve or unwillingness, at least for the first little while. We would sit down, and think which way, To walk, and pass our long love’s day. ” In these lines, we assume that time continues forever because the poem describes the leisurely pace of life spent in courtship of the beloved, silent mistress. “Thou by the Indian Ganges’ side , Shouldst rubies find; I by the tide”. In these lines the speaker embarks on some astonishing hyperbole to describe the praise he wants to give to his mistress. He selects two rivers, India’s Ganges, which is sacred to the Hindu religion and was believed to be the goddess, and England’s Humber, which flows past Marvel’s hometown of Hull.

The wide distance separating the two rivers compares with the time needed to spend sufficiently in courtship. That the mistress would find rubies in the Ganges underlines the exotic nature of a river in India. The Humber River in England, by comparison, is a slow moving, dirty estuary where one could only find dirty shoes. The distance between the speaker and the mistress is a metaphor for the lavish, slow consumption of time spent in praise. “Of Humber would complain, I would… Till the conversion of the Jews. The flood indicated in the poem is the flood in the Bible in the book of Genesis. So he would love her since ever. And then he adds ‘Till the conversion of the Jews’ … most Jews never have converted. Those two religious references are just a way to tell her that he would love and praise her during a long time before getting into any kind of sexual intercourse with her, but in your analysis of to his coy mistress: the flood part happened sometime after creation. The conversion of the Jews is supposed to happen before Armageddon.

To His Coy Mistress Essay Example

That’s the allusion that Andrew Marvel is using. “My vegetable love should grow, Vaster than empires, and more slow;” A vegetable comes from the vegetative part of a plant, as opposed to a fruit, which comes from the reproductive part. At any rate, their love for one and the other may well grow slowly, for what ever reason; but grows very slowly but amasses enough bulk to be larger than a great dynasty or colonial empire. A lover is devoted to the loving business of praising his or her lover and is endlessly mesmerized with the body of the other: this is part of being in love. An hundred years should go to praise… And the last age should show your heart;” These lines suggest that the speaker devotes at least one generation to praise of each part of his mistress, especially to praise of her pure heart, which is saved for last because of its special place as the seat of romantic passion. The last two lines states that once the heat of sexual passion subsides, as it always does, then – one will be left with a blemished person and the best that can be hoped is that one is left with a beloved who tells the truth, who has a heart. For, lady, you deserve this state, Nor would I love at lower rate. ” Sexually speaking our older lover could take things slowly with her; if that is what she wants, then, that is what she should have. He is committed to the conquest that can only come about as a result of him fully satisfying her; and no doubt, it is his goal to satisfy her. And, he would take pleasure throughout the long wait, if and only if, there is some prospect of sexual fulfillment. The speaker implies that the mistress deserves this “state” of lavish praise because of her beauty.

II. 2nd Stanza In the second stanza, the persona is starting to say that time is passing by very fast. He wants to grab the chance now so that the beauty of the addressee will not be wasted. The poem stated “Time’s winged chariot hurrying near” in which “Time’s winged chariot” refers to the chariot that god Apollo is riding through the east to west daily. Apollo is the sun god in Greek Mythology. Thus, Andrew Marvell associates the sun god to the passing of time. “And yonder all before us lie, Deserts of vast eternity”, these lines show death.

Desert is an archetype of death. Marble vault is a symbol for a tomb. The worms stated in the poem can be interpreted as actual worms that will eat the human flesh when they die. Worms are also a phallic symbol. In the poem it can be interpreted as another man that will consume the coy mistress. The persona is letting the addressee know that any time they will die. He wants to tell the addressee that they should seize the day before their death comes. He is also implying that he wants to make romance with the coy mistress before another man will.

Dust and ashes are used in the poem. As stated in the Bible, everybody comes from dust and if anyone dies they will turn back to where they came from, dust and ashes. These statements are usually used during funeral services. It shows that the poem has a religious background. Andrew Marvell used his knowledge of religion to make his poem. III. 3rd Stanza In the third stanza, the persona is going to make a move. The poem stated “And while thy willing soul transpires, At every pore with instant fires” in which the persona’s urge is going to break out.

Transpires means breaks out, he can’t control his urge to get the girl. His passion rules him to persuade the girl to do what he wants. “Now let us sport us while we may, and now, like amorous birds of prey…than languish in his slow-chapt power”, these lines show that they need to do it now instead of delaying it because it will just make her suffer. The images suggest that they are slowly beating the time. The persona thinks that they must take advantage of the moment. Let us roll all our strength and all our sweetness up into one ball… And tear our pleasures with rough strife, thorough the iron gates of life:” these lines show that the persona is persuading the girl to make it with all their strength and fulfill their pleasure. He says that they must use all their strength and feel the sweetness of love. “Thus, though we cannot make our sun, stand still, yet we will make him run”, In the concluding couplet, the speaker and his mistress triumphantly turn back the destructive forces of Time, fervently beating time.

The speaker and his mistress force the sun to race them instead of passively begging the sun to stand still like Joshua did in the Bible, when he pleaded with God to make the sun stand still so the Israelites might defeat the Amorites in broad daylight. IV. Conclusion We could infer that the poem was divided into three parts according to Scholastic Syllogism. Stanza One and Stanza Two are the building blocks or a form of persuasion to the girl to make love with him. And Stanza Three is the Conclusion (this is the part were he takes advantage of the chance when the girl is weak).

The logical arguments sought within the poem are 1. “If we had” 2. “But” and 3. “Therefore”. We might see the influence of Aristotle and Thomas Aquinas. The first Stanza shows that the time is vast. The second Stanza shows that we are only mortal. The last Stanza shows that we only have to live our every moment for fun. The second arguments are about eternal love and physical lust. Eternal love is lasting long, so the first Stanza is long. The life of the coy mistress is short, so the second Stanza is short. The last part is the shortest, because that kind of things is just a spark.

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