Totalitarianism In 1984 Essay Research Paper People

8 August 2017

Dictatorship In 1984 Essay, Research Paper

Peoples in general have ever been trying to understand the hereafter in an effort to fix for future events. This hope is the rule for futuristic novels like George Orwell s 1984, which moves through the life of a rebellious citizen trapped in a universe of fraudulence and propaganda. Very few people have been exposed to such a totalitarian similar topographic point as Oceania, where Winston, the chief character, resides. To carry through this, Orwell utilizes the subject of individualism versus dictatorship, prefiguration, and sarcasm, in order to to the full pull out all possible motivations behind Winston s actions.

Many states are founded on rules of individualism reigning over dictatorship, more specifically, the freedom of pick. However, in the land of Oceania, run by Big Brother, freedom and individualism is wholly prohibited. To move impetuously, or take to oppose Big Brother, is a thoughtcrime of awful effect. This is the footing behind the Inner Party s control of Oceania. Winston Smith showed his deficiency of willingness to conform to such a oppressive society. From his composing DOWN WITH BIG BROTHER in his journal as the novel opened, to his relationship with Julia, which was considered sexcrime in Oceania, Winston proved his ideas were antiparallel to those of the Inner Party. The fact that Winston was so ready to arise was rather brave in that he knew people who opposed The Party, or were to educated, like Syme, were vaporized. The members of the Inner Party recognized the abilities of an educated adult male to see through the propaganda of Oceania, and would therefore tolerate nil but ignorance. Winston, nevertheless, continued to oppose the province, and commited, in many ways, both thoughtcrime and sexcrime. He joined the Brotherhood, run by Oceania s foremost public enemy, Goldstein, and even reads a book published by the adult male. This action follows Winston s unfastened effort to befriend O Brien in a society which would non excuse such outward behaviour. The concluding behind the disapprobation of friendly relationship was that it was believed that friendly relationship could take to confederations that would endanger the reign of the Inner Party. Winston s bombardment of individualistic actions lead The Party to collar him, as they witnessed his actions from a hidden telescreen behind a image. Mr. Charrington, the local shop director, who appeared instead echt, led the apprehension, for he was a member of the unknown thoughtpolice. Julia is killed, and Winston is taken by the thoughtpolice to the ministry of love, where he is to be held for his offenses.

As is the footing for futuristic novels such as 1984, Orwell foreshadows much of the events that occur, through vague or inanimate objects. The most noticeable device for prefiguration was Winston s dream of the Golden topographic point with Fieldss and beams of visible radiation, a basic human Eden. Such a topographic point foreshadows Winston s gaining control and captivity in the Ministry of Love which is a big white edifice with strong visible radiations continuously crushing down upon its inmates. One of the largest symbols in the novel was the breakage of the Earth, which can be interpreted in many manners. One of which is the prefiguration of the devastation of Winston s universe, as portrayed through the slaying of Julia and his gaining control by the thoughtpolice. Goldstein s book besides is a mechanism by which Orwell foreshadows eventual happenings in the novel. Such an object, perfectly illegal in Oceania, foreshadows the Winston s concluding stairss before his gaining control, authorized by the Inner Party. Other cases, separate from the 2nd book, are besides applied for boding. Winston s relationship with the cocotte, portraying his hunt for human comrades

hip, organize a preconceived impression of his relationship with Julia and his befriending of O Brien. These two actions are possibly, Winston s two greatest misdemeanors against the Torahs set Forth by the Inner Party.

Though the subject of individualism versus dictatorship and the usage of boding are indispensable literary devices, it is the application of sarcasm that truly makes the novel a chef-d’oeuvre. Many dry events occur during the 2nd book, taking Winston on an emotional spin through the bangs and dangers of Oceania. The foremost sarcasm is Winston s affinity with the acknowledgment of the yesteryear. Winston is angered when Julia does non care to retrieve that Oceania was at war with Eastasia in the yesteryear. He is likewise engulfed with felicity when O Brien recalls the last line to a kids s verse form. It is Winston s belief that the acknowledgment of the yesteryear is the key to halting the Party. This is dry in that Winston was employed to alter the yesteryear so that the population was nescient to past events. An easy unmarked signifier of sarcasm is conveyed in Winston s greatest fright, rats. It is self-contradictory that in all of Oceania, with all of its propaganda and dictatorship, Winston s greatest fright is of a foot-long mammal. This recognition is followed by the sarcasm upon Winston s establishment into the Brotherhood, an belowground organisation formed by Goldstein to arise against the dictatorship of the Inner Party. After Winston is accepted, and receives Goldstein s book, he is shortly captured and incarcerated by the thoughtpolice, doing his dreams of opposing the Party, worthless. Besides Winston, Julia, herself, is besides doused in sarcasm, in her self-generated disclosure that the wars were simply propaganda by the Party, an thought that Winston is unable to gestate. She besides acknowledges that she is about unable to incorporate her laughter during the Two Minute Hate, a state of affairs of sarcasm in itself. The most dry aspect to Julia, is that she is a sash-wearing member of the anti-sex conference, while she has committed sexcrime in her association with Winston. The concluding inflow of sarcasm at the apogee of the 2nd book is the disclosure that Mr. Charrington, the friendly proprietor of the convenience shop, was the sensational officer of the thoughtpolice who instigated Winston s gaining control and Julia s slaying.

It is awful to cognize that state of affairss, such as the one produced in 1984 have been existent to life for people of certain civilizations, such as that of the Russians, Germans, and others. It is even more annihilating to believe that such a state of affairs could really go a world where that mere thought of a state of affairs could bear vaporisation. Though the United States has remained a society based around pick, the antithesis of the fictional Oceania, it can non be denied, that as engineering additions more and more influence over common lives, the devastation of pick by misused engineering becomes more and more realistic. Orwell uses literary devices like prefiguration, subjects, and sarcasm to represent a universe he invented in 1948. Though the overall mechanics of Oceania are false, many of the innovations and beliefs put away by the novel, have come to be. Between computing machines, mind-control experiments, and the overrun of technological propaganda, the intent of Orwell s novel, a premonition of possibilities easing in society s inability to command the monsters it creates, is good served. Society must continually progress, for the wellness and endurance of civilisation. But, as evidenced by a common hope that no state of affairs similar to that of Oceania occurs, this uninterrupted progress must be made with continuos cognition and restraint, in order to continue a manner of life society to frequently takes for granted.


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