Turner is one of Britain’s most popular artists who showed exceptional artistic talent from his early age and entered the Royal Academy at fourteen. His landscape paintings made him popular regardless of a darker side to his paintings that were made big issues by critiques. He became a well-celebrated artist despite of the difficulties he came across in life. Even being born in family of a Garden barber, he became very famous for his works such seascape and landscape. His success seems very exceptional while we consider that he did not have enough schooling, yet he brought revolution in the art.
Although Turner was brought up in the 18th century academic culture, he became painter of romantic sublime. Turner is mostly recognized as the 19th century’s greatest landscape painter. His interest in the powers of nature was portrayed into canvas. As a popular Romantic painter focusing mainly on color and lighting, Turner’s works influenced the Impressionist movement. He is considered as an influential painter and is said to be the best landscapist of the 19th century. Turner was also a key inspiration for the Impressionist movement.
He is most famous for his original interpretations of bringing light and color to his paintings. Turner displayed an evident evolution in his painting style throughout his long career. Though he stayed true to the genre of landscape, as his career progressed he began to pay less attention to the details of objects and landscape and more attention to the effects of light and color. He became increasingly fascinated with natural and atmospheric elements. His oil paintings and watercolors are considered very powerful. His paintings such as Rain, Steam and have are popular especially in Britain.
Rain, Steam and Speed is oil in canvas. In his lifetime (1775-1851), he proved himself as a versatile and successful painter of nineteenth century. The romanticism is observed in a lot of his paintings. One of his romantic works is The Burning of the House of Lords and Commons. The painting shows an attraction to the natural world portrayed in the work. This painting is among the best examples of how natural world relates to human affairs. Turner captures this idea by more using his feeling than to the direct reproduction of the event.
Although the work precisely depicts the crowds and bridge, the scale and color of the flames and nature surrounding them shows his love of nature. Gage says, “In paintings like The Burning of the Houses of Lords and Commons, the substantial identity of clouds, fire, water and figures is a powerful exemplification of the homogeneity of the created world (Gage 226). The first thing that draws our attention is the glow of the flames. 200 years after the work was painted, the colors seem to bright by themselves, without losing any intensity.
The dark blues of the sky and the greens of the river Thames make a contrast with the warm colors of the fire. This interaction gives us the same expectant anxiety we feel before the immensity, before that what is above us and make us feel little. The figures, on the other hand, are diffuse and hard to recognize; especially in the boats in the river Thames. But this is the intention of the artist: we should not stop to analyze details, but rather we should feel this painting’s effect on us as a unified whole. Turner transforms reality making it confusedly abstract at the same time he makes it more real and dramatic.
That is why is never going to be anyone like him. The bright and powerful colors in Turner’s works shows the Romantic view of the nature. Rain, Stem and Speed is another good example of Turner’s touching painting. As Gage says, “Rain, Stem and Speed is one of the finest examples of the richness of Turner’s meanings, a richness which sprang from his consuming curiosity, nourished on every level by reading and by conversation as well as by looking”(Gage 234). Turner focuses now on the railway in Rain, Steam, and Speed-the Great Western Railway.
This shows how Turner focuses mainly on colors and the idea of flexibility through his revolving colors. The longer one stands in front of the painting, the more wonderful will appear. On the left people are boating on the river, while to the right a ploughman works on a field.