Natty Strap (circa 100 BC) enumerated eight arras. Rasa, in effect, stood for a “consciousness altering experience”, which was beyond normal human emotions. Buenaventura (circa 1000 AD) strongly canvassed for inclusion of Shanty as the ninth Rasa, and declared it the Rasa of Arras. Hence the term Invariants. In his view, Backchat (Spiritual Devotion) was only an appendage of the Shanty Rasa. It was suitable only for ashtrays, and not as the main theme of a major poem or drama, much less a Rasa.
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But the debate did not end there. This essay explores the impact of this debate on art, architecture, music and in particular on Djakarta and his composition, by juxtaposing many theories and presenting them as a hypothesis for enunciation of the theory of Rasa possibly in a modern vernacular. Rasa, the NECTAR of artistic experience In different contexts, the term Rasa appears in Vided and Punishable literature. The usage variously associates the word with a liquid energize, an elixir, a consciousness altering substance (though not explicitly hallucinogenic).
In the Tertiary Punished, the word “Rasa” is used in a metaphysical sense, and equated with the Ultimate Reality. The full scope of the connotations can be understood from its lexicographic interpretation. The Sanskrit dictionary (Monomer Williams) has the following entry: Sap or Juice of -plant; Juice of fruit; any liquid or fluid; the best or finest part of anything; essence; marrow; elixir; potion; seminal fluid of Shiva; charm, pleasure or delight; the taste or character of a work, the feeling or sentiment prevailing in it.
All these connotations are germane to understanding the connection between Raga and Rasa. Breath’s theory held that a Rasa is the developed and relievable state of a armament mood (Strays Aviva), which results from the interplay of many attendant emotional conditions (Visas, Anabases and Sanitaria Vases, being the Wanda or suggesting elements) on the on the strays. Rasa is the suggested delight to abstract and generalist the emotional experience, beyond individualistic.
Rasa was the sole artistic experience of the spectator, which the artist, the characters and the actors were not capable of sharing.
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This theory seemed to have survived undisputed for a millennium. Mr.. Deepen Raja in his book “Shall vocalism – continuity within change” writes: “The Indian aesthetic tradition views the sensory experience as a pathway to the emotional, and the emotional as a pathway to the spiritual. This reflects the fundamental transcendentalism of Hindu thought. All art is, therefore, validated by a single dominant criterion – its ability to elicit an emotional response.
This criterion acknowledges that, at its most intense, the experience of beauty evokes a response that transcends its qualitative aspect, and acquires a mystical quality. This defines the potential of the artistic endeavourer, and its reception, for personality transformation and spiritual evolution. At the intermediate aesthetic level, however, the tradition allows for the classification of works of art on the basis of the quality of the emotional response. The name given to these qualities is “Rasa”, a metaphorical expression derived from the Sanskrit “Rasa” = extract/ essence/ Juice. In the words of Alexandra Doze, “The Hindustan and Carnation classical idioms have both a sophisticated semantic of pitch based on the concepts of swear and raga. They also share the simple but powerful scheme of the arras believed to encompass the overall range of human emotions. The Indian theory of arras has the bearing of a fully structured architecture built on systematic enquiry into probably every aspect of the question, from the corporeal reaction of the spectator to his psychological disposition, from the setting of the event to the metaphysical implications of the aesthetic experience…
Buenaventura added contributions of his own reviving the idea of the ancestral memories (vaginas) resonating in the consciousness of the subject of aesthetic experience to the causes, effects and transitory manifestations (vases) as prerequisite for the perception of Rasa. The French musicologist Philippe Bruin©re noticed how Buenaventura held that the Russia (shards) does not fully identify with the aesthetic object of the experience and that the remaining distance between them is the space where the ancestral memories (vaginas) flow to mix with the imaginative faculty of the hearer.
The emotional content of the work of art is thus brought forth – producing pure delectation, the amazed ravishment (camera), which is the ultimate aim of the aesthetic experience. ” Backchat Rasa: The New Debate Even before Bankruptcies, Bathmat Loath (c. 900 AD) saw Rasa as a “heightened arm of emotion”, rather than as something fundamentally distinct. He also held that the characters in the play, the artist and the actors could experience Rasa – views diametrically opposed to Barbara and Buenaventura.
King Bola of Restaurants (circa 1100 AD) is reported to have developed Latest’s theory Rasa. Circa 1250, Hammerhead in his Griddlecake, enumerated the theory of Rasa in relation to Lord Vishnu, whose Backchat were identified both as behave ( characters in the story) as well as those who experienced the Rasa. ARPA Swami (circa 1500 AD, a co-founder of the Gaudily Vigilantism along with Catatonia), in his Bhakthirasamrasindhu, went much further and enthroned Backchat Rasa as the Rasa of Arras.
Thus the Theory of Rasa moved from the realm of “Rasa as an aesthetic experience’ to the level of ‘spiritual experience’, suddenly acquiring a tinge of theology. The Essence of Backchat Rasa Rasa, therefore, came to be recognized not merely as aesthetic delight but an experience of spiritual delight, which supersedes all other experiences. Swami held that there was a hierarchical ranking of arras based on their intensity. He reclassified the prevalent 12 Arras into two categories: (a) Primary Arras (5 in umber), and (b) Secondary Arras.
Breath’s original 7 arras (excluding Shrinking) were now ranked second to the Primary arras, which were: (1)Shanty (peacefulness) or Southwards, (2) Prima (veneration) or Disarrays, (3) Prepays (mutual love or camaraderie) or Assayers, (4) Betrayals (nurturing love) and (5) Amateurishness’s (Passionate love), the new avatar of the original Shrinking Rasa. Amateurishness’s came to be recognized as the ultimate perfection among all arras.
All relationships between the Supreme One and his devotees makes it the sweetest of all forms of love, going beyond temporal things (Lusaka), becoming reenactments and touching the farthest reaches of alkali. The experience of Rasa became available to all: the author, the actor, the backchat and the characters in the work of art. Rata, originally considered the strays Aviva of Shrinking, now became associated with the five predominant arras. It is ultimately manifested fully in the heart of the backchat in this world as it is in heaven above. Rata,the statistical, thus stands for our permanent relationship with god.
By constantly turning one’s mind towards the Deity learns to recognize all the various factors which either intensify or distract from this divine love. Gradually, the devotee learns how to transform the emotion (Aviva) of ordinary desire (kamala) into the pure and selfless love. His sadness become spontaneous expressions of love, leading to tasting pure essence of Love (Rasa). Statistician’s become markers of intense devotion. THE IMPACT of advantage This new thinking, combined with the tenets of Passivism, not only impacted the Most monumental of its effect was felt in temple architecture itself.
Pike Gosh portrays how the curvilinear-towered Angora-type temple, popular throughout North India for more than a 1000 years was found increasingly unsuitable for the newly Visitation Bengal. Gaudily Visitation movement inspired by Catatonia (1486-1533) had led to a new devotional community in the XVII Century. The new tradition of collective worship through song and dance (Samaritan) needed a suitable space. (Similarly, the expanding Muslim population needed a space appropriate to their congregational prayers. Local Visitation Hindu rulers used this opportunity to patronize an innovative style of monuments to express their role within the new political more. The sanctum sanctum no longer occupied the centre space. The mantrap took more prominence and became almost central to the new architecture. The Brainchild rites were reserved to the eastern corner of the complex, leaving the priest to himself. These new invariant-rattan temples announced the arrival of a new vernacular, through the use of elements drawn from the region’s distinctive vernacular architecture.
The rapid spread of the Rattan temples through the XVII and XVIII Centuries bore witness to its success. In effect, this meant the demolition of hierarchical, caste-based order in the presence of the deity, and implicitly in the society at large. All human beings were considered god’s children equally, and irrespective of caste or creed. This seriously questioned the social order prevalent in India for many millennia. This enlightened philosophy changed everything it touched. Temple architecture, Devotional Music, and society at large.
MUSIC & Backchat Movement Indian music tradition is supposed to have shared a single, common heritage across India, for more than a thousand years, until the Islamic invasion. Thereafter, central Asian music seems to have pervaded the North Indian tradition, and it eventually came to be called Hindustan, with much less Hindu in it. However, the Backchat movement injected a new life into Hindustan music, with the arrival of Jadedly and Merriam among others. Meanwhile, the South Indian Music tradition, became heavily influenced by the Backchat movement.
Backchat Rasa is now the very foundation of Carnation music. This was mainly thanks to the Kananga Harridans movement of Washrags, Propaganda’s, Sandbanks and others, the roots of which were sown during the Vagrancy Empire, almost as a protest movement against the McHugh invasion. Thus the South Indian music tradition came to be known as “carnation”, deriving from the colonial misspelling for Kananga. The great Kananga composer Paranoia Dash (148()-1564) came to be now as the Sympathizing or ‘Father of Keratin music’. -Aragua : The Man & THE MUSIC soul of Carnation Music.
To my mind, the Backchat Movement and the Concept of Backchat Rasa reach their pinnacle in his compositions. There are volumes and volumes of praise written in honor of Djakarta, most of which is more lyrical than knowledgeable. DRP. V. Raglan’s is an erudite exception. His understanding of Disarray’s skirts is truly inspirational. Here is a very brief summary of what he has to say: Sir Disarray’s life was a confluence of spirituality, saintliness and sangria. The harmony of these find expression in every syllable of his shiatsu. Ram was his Sight Devastate, and Ramshackle his very breathe.
He considered Ram the best of the ten incarnations, the Procrastinator. His skirts are described as Addressograph (grapes), because of their simplicity, sangria manna and embedded backchat. He thought of Ram as his foremost listener, calling him Russia Sirloins. Knowledge and realization of Nadia is itself bliss and salvation. To him, Ram was the very embodiment of the ambrosial essence of Nadia. Djakarta saw himself as a master spirit combining in himself he Backchat of Parallax, the music of Nard and the evacuate of Vivaldi. In philosophical pursuit, he was an advancing, while also an ardent Backchat.
According to the Crust Magazine, to Djakarta is attributed the origin of the current pattern of the Karri, consisting of Papilla, Univalve and the Chairman. His innovation and forte is the art of Against, the variations he worked on the Papilla (opening line), which unfolded the moods and feelings as well as the contours of the melody in newer shades and phases. “His lyrics reveal great depth of knowledge of the scriptures, epics, legends, Purina, classical expertise, his humility as well as self-respect, introspection, and sense of humor,” says Ludwig Peach. The song: INDRI CHULA SHAMAN?
Papilla I indri c¤la shame¤ pleasure shame¤ I Misnaming papal mans¤ Univalve I Is [possessing] wealth a greater I Ir¤mini Gandhi s©VA lore is service in Ram’s presence a greater pleasure? Answer me truthfully, O Mind! More tasty? Or, Buchanan suds¤ Erasmus ureic¶ and I old¤Scratch day¤an I is the nectarine essence of meditation on I Buchanan of Datagram’s son more tasty? Chairman I dam Sandman’s gang¤ sin¤name shame¤ Gang of self control Irvin>ay kјpa sin¤name shame¤ I Intimate¤ 3 bandanna youth Nora suit shame¤ well of evil sense-objects comforting? Mutatis TTY¤gar¤Jag until Jakarta shame¤ fettered in egotism comforting, lore is singing on the pure-minded Lord I Is a bath in the I Charisma land tranquility more comforting? lore, is a bath in the I Is extolling of humans I praised by Djakarta comforting? The GIST O Mind! Tell me honestly which induces unalloyed bliss? Is it material wealth or the wealth of the Lord’s diarrhea and service at His shrine? Which is more delicious? Is it the taste of milk, butter and the curd? Or is it the citrine (the Rasa) experience of meditation and worship of Ram, the son of Distracts, more delicious?
Will wallowing in the slush of the dirty well of carnal pleasures bring more pleasure, than the divine tranquility experienced by one who has controlled his senses is as refreshing as a bath in the Gang? Does flattering or praising a mere mortal bloated with arrogance and self-conceit bring more happiness than the height of bliss brought by singing the glory of the eternal and compassionate Lord? TEXT & CONTEXT Many of Disarray’s great songs owe their existence to particular incidents in his life. The above song has a very famous history.
It is believed that the Tantalum ruler, hearing of the illustrious Djakarta, invited him to his court, and wanted him to sing pleasure and not purely in the worship of the Lord. It meant praising a mortal (inartistic). Djakarta, predictably, refused the king’s offer and sang this great song to the astonishment and delight of his family and disciples. In this song, he asks us what happiness can mere wealth (indri) bring. Worldly wealth will perish and even intellectual attainments lead only to rebirth. Can indri, bring more happiness (shame) than the pleasure of being in the presence of Aroma Rumania Gandhi)?.
Contemplation of the Lord is all the shenanigans (the purifying bath in the holy Gang) we require for our salvation. This sweet, simple and short song probes and prods us, through a series of questions, to experience Ramshackle and delight in its pleasures. He does not even bother to give us the answers. Djakarta is convinced, without an iota of doubt, that we shall find the answers. Choose any composition of Djakarta at random, and you will run into such enlightened thoughts, except for the Raga and the Words. The very best of Djakarta is always found in his Deluge crisis.
To some scholars, his Sanskrit crisis, including some of the Penchants Skirts, are too verbal and too scholarly. I presume we must attribute this to the gradual evolution of Djakarta, simultaneously as a composer and a backchat. I believe Indri Chula Shaman is perhaps the first major milestone, where simplicity of language, humor in wordplay, extensive knowledge of the Pinheads and Musicology, unshakeable faith in his Lord and the deepest of love man is capable of – all come together so powerfully and so sweetly and so simply. My sweet lord!
To crown it all, Djakarta developed the Djakarta Madras which marks the end of all is compositions with such signature sign offs: summate Djakarta, durian Djakarta etc. One would think the man had a big ego. You cannot be more wrong. Here “Djakarta” stands essentially for Shiva (Lord Djakarta), who along with the other members of the Trinity, achieved their divine status by worshipping Ram. With summate Djakarta, he signs off with the thought that Disarray’s (Shiva’s) curtains give us the ultimate bliss or alternately, Shiva’s curtains in honor of Ram bring the ultimate bliss.
Djakarta considered himself a man of real wisdom, and the correct reception of the comparative value of things (summate). He always saw himself as Ram’s most ardent devotee and took upon himself the duty of educating us on the higher values of life, and to admonish and appeal to us to seek bliss through Ramshackle. When he alludes to himself as durian Djakarta – he considers himself as capable of carrying the burden of leading, educating and uplifting us. We could never find a more loving, capable teacher.
THE RAGA & THE RASA The raga is the very soul of music. Ragas constitute the greatest glory of Indian music. Each Raga has its own distinct character. Anybody singing it should make the Navaho and the Sanitaria) of the song and relish the sweetness (Rasa). According to Deepen Raja, “the Raga is the fundamental principle governing Hindustan music. It is the primary focus of musical studies, primary material for crafting in performance, the primary object of aesthetic appreciation, and the primary validation of the musical endeavourer. According to the Rasa theory, the aim of the artistic endeavor is to induce, in the spectator’s mind, a heightened awareness of one of the Strays Aviva-s, which are innate dispositions and latent energies common to all humans. The simultaneous activation of any of the Strays Aviva-s in the work of art and in the spectator’s mind constitutes the experience of Rasa. Against this backdrop of the Rasa theory, the musical culture has accepted the notion of a Raga as a melodic representation of an emotional idea.
And, indeed, some Rasa-s – such as Hasty (comic), Radar (furious), Banana (terrible) and Batista (odious) are now recognized as being beyond the representational reach of music as an art form. By implication, Rasa-s that constitute the special territory of music, are also identified. Performances are valued for the clarity of aesthetic intent, and its orientations into experience for the audience. Djakarta composed most of his songs in medium tempo, as befitting the Backbit mood. This particular song is conceived in the Kali Raga, considered the ‘Queen of Ragas’.
Kali is designed to elicit the tender touch off mother. Named after the supreme goddess, it is the 65th Ameliorate raga, and said to belong to the (eleventh) Ruder or the Face Charka. Believers in the Charka theory hold that the Ruder Charka “houses our ability to become what we wish to become”. Kali ( “auspicious ) is one of the “grand” ragas, along with Chamberlains, Dhoti, Kali, Kombi and Bavaria. It is considered suitable for singing at all times of day, and is presented as the main raga in many concerts, with elaborate Alpaca, Unravel and Mohammad Swards.
It is commonly held that Kali encapsulates emotions which help us experience the delight of Shrinking (as per the old menu), Vitally and Backchat arras. In the light of Swami’s theory, the soulful combination of the spar, the raga and the skirt must help us relish the saga of all the five Predominant Arras. The variety, the depth and the myriad feelings it is capable of portraying has made the Kali a perennial favorite of composers and performers or centuries. The Tamil Pain equivalent of Kali is Airmail. Kali is also featured in Hungarian Music.See More on Raga