Type 1 diabetes is found in only 5% of diabetes patients and is generally a deficiency of Insulin that regulates blood sugar levels. Type 1 diabetes Is often diagnosed in childhood but sometimes can be onset in adulthood. Type 2 diabetes is more common and generally develops because your body does not respond correctly to insulin. Type 2 Diabetes can produce too low or too high insulin levels. Type 2 Diabetes is generally caused due to lack of exercise. poor diet, having an unhealthy weight and genetics. Insulin level for those with Type 2 Diabetes can be low, normal r high, depending on how your body responds to Insulin.
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Your body becomes resistant to insulin and its effects. Generally in Type 2 Diabetes your body starts to become Insulin resistant long before your blood sugar goes up. This Is when your blood sugar gets too high or too low and sometimes can cause complications before you are diagnosed with Diabetes. Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes share much of the same symptoms but can develop in different time frames than with type 2 diabetes. Type 1 symptoms generally develop quickly over a few days toa few weeks. This Is caused by blood sugar levels rising bove the normal range.
Earlier symptoms of Type 1 diabetes include frequent urination, extreme thirst and dry mouth, weight loss and Increased hunger. If not diagnosed quickly a person can experience diabetic ketoacidosis, which can be life threatening and Is caused from blood sugar levels rising excessively above normal, When the body does not produce insulin if begins to break down fat and muscle for energy and keytones are produced to enter the bloodstream. Some of the symptoms of diabetic ketoacidosis include flushed skin, loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, fruity reath, rapid breathing, restless, confusion and even a coma.
Type 2 diabetes symptoms can also include frequent urination, extreme thirst, as well as weight loss like Type 1 symptoms. Type 2 symptoms can also include fatigue, blurred vision, headaches and rarely loss of consciousness. other symptoms can include slow healing wounds, yeast infections, itchyskin, numbness in the hands or feet, decreased vision and Impotency. They are somewhat different from type 1 but type 2 tends to come on more slowly and symptoms can be slow to arise over a long period of time.
Page 2 Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes Essay
No one really knows the reason a person develops diabetesbut there are many risk factors that can affect your chances of getting Diabetes. Type 1 diabetes develops due to a person’s Immune system destroying beta cells In the body 1 OF3 diabetics, type 1 diabetics are unable to produce any insulin, whereas type 2 diabetics often continue to produce insulin for many years after diagnosis. It is possible to inherit a tendency to develop type 1 diabetes but most have no family history of type 1 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes generally develops due to poor lifestyle choices.
This can include being overweight and lack of physical activity. Type 2 diabetes can cause many serious health complications. The main risk factors are the same, lack of exercise, poor diet, and family history. Smoking is also a risk factor as well as genetics. Though you cannot control your family history or genetics, you can control your eating habits, exercise habits and smoking habits. It is best to get plenty of exercise and eat a high fiber diet with low sugar and fat. Also keeping a healthy weight can help to prevent diabetes.
There are many complications of diabetes that an cause serious health issues. Diabetes is a major risk factor for stroke and heart attacks. It is the second leading cause of blindness and kidney failure as well. Many people have had to have their legs amputated due to diabetes. Diabetes lowers your resistance to illness and infection and makes it harder to heal from infections and other things such as surgeries. Receiving proper treatment for diabetes is an important factor in how your body will react to such things but it does little to minimize the effects from stroke or heart attacks.
When treating diabetes it is mportant to remember that type 1 and type 2 diabetes are somewhat similar but the same in some way. Type 1 diabetes is treated with insulin injections. Since the body is unable to produce insulin on its own, a person who has type 1 diabetes must use synthetic insulin to control the amount of sugar in the blood. There are many types of insulin used to treat diabetes. It is up to your doctor to fgure out which type is best for you. The different types of insulin include fast acting insulin, short acting insulin, intermediate acting insulin or long acting insulin.
Some people require more than 1 type of insulin in order to keep their blood sugar level. Fast acting insulin is generally used to lower blood sugar quickly when you need a fast drop in blood sugar levels. Regular insulin is short acting and takes about 30 minutes to work and can last about 3 hours. Intermediate acting insulin takes two to four hours to start working and can last up to 18 hours. Lastly, long acting insulin takes six to ten hours to start working and can last an entire day. Type 2 diabetes treatment is a little ifferent in that it is generally not initially controlled by inject able insulin.
Generally type 2 diabetes is initially treated with a lifestyle change such as weight loss, exercise and proper eating. A person with type 2 diabetes will have to watch their blood sugar often and sometimes are treated with oral medications such as metformin. Sometimes a person with type 2 diabetes will eventually stop producing insulin and will need to take insulin shots. Some people with type 1 and type 2 diabetes can benefit from an insulin pump, which is a pump that constantly monitors your blood ugar and supplies you with insulin as you need it.See More on Obesity