U.S History Module
?similarities and differences between the First and Second Industrial Revolutions increase in immigration decrease in agricultural jobs increase in factory jobs economic challenges to farmers and farmers responses to those challenges in the mid to late 1800s fewer farm workers were needed; farmers went to bigger cities for factory jobs farms were shut down; farmers became industrial workers changes that occurred as the United States shifted from an agrarian to an industrial society Social Darwinism- a 19th-century doctrine that the social order is a product of natural selection of those persons best suited to existing living conditions.
migration to cities urbanization the causes, course, and consequences of the labor movement in the late 1800s and early 1900s cause- the want for better working conditions and better treatment from their employers In 1833 the Factory Act passed by Parliament. The law limited the amount of time children could work. In the 20th century the Children’s Bureau was founded in 1912, which the U. S. government was responsible to monitor child labor. the impact of political machines in the United States Local politicians could quickly and effectively organize help for individuals or groups of individuals.
U.S History Module Essay Example
What the bosses asked for in return was your vote to keep them in office. It was complete and absolute throughout the entire machine. Everybody got their cut – except the average citizen. significant inventors and inventions of the Industrial Revolution James Watt First reliable Steam Engine 1775 Eli Whitney Cotton Gin, Interchangeable parts for muskets 1793, 1798 Robert Fulton Regular Steamboat service on the Hudson River 1807 Samuel F. B. Morse Telegraph 1836 Elias Howe Sewing Machine 1844 Isaac Singer Improves and markets Howe’s Sewing Machine 1851 Cyrus Field Transatlantic Cable 1866 Alexander Graham Bell
Telephone 1876 Thomas Edison Phonograph, First Long-Lasting Incandescant Light Bulb 1877, 1879 Nikola Tesla Induction Electric Motor 1888 Rudolf Diesel Diesel Engine 1892 Orville and Wilbur Wright First Airplane 1903 Henry Ford Model T Ford, Large-Scale Moving Assembly Line the immigrant experience in the United States the importance of social change and reform in the late 1800s and early 1900s Better working conditions in work places were achieved. Meat Inspection Act was passed Many children began attending school. School became integrated Public places became available to blacks as well as whites