Understanding Life Essay Sample
Travelocity is a company that believes in the ethical intervention and development of employees. True False Michelle Peluso. CEO of Travelocity. subscribes to McGregor’s Theory X positions refering employees. True False Practical experience and research both tell us that layoffs should increase the motive of staying employees. True False Harmonizing to Jeffrey Pfeffer about 90 % of today’s organisations are genuinely “people centered. ” True False Harmonizing to Jeffrey Pfeffer. companies must take between emphasizing uninterrupted betterment and doing employees experience comfy. True False Research grounds suggests that increasing occupation security is associated with higher net incomes and lower employee turnover. True False Providing preparation for employees leads to take down employee turnover. True False An organisation is a system of consciously co-ordinated activities of two or more people. True False Harmonizing to the text. there are three degrees of OB analysis: persons. groups. and organisational. True False
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General Motors. and Al Qaeda are all illustrations of officially defined organisations. True False 11. OB is an interdisciplinary field dedicated to better apprehension and pull offing people entirely in for net income concern environments. True False 12. Organizational behaviour is a perpendicular subject operation in the human resource kingdom. True False 13. Organizational behaviour is a specific occupation class in most organisations ( e. g. . the “COBO” or the Chief Organizational Behavior Officer ) . True False 14. Legalization of union-management corporate bargaining helped further the human dealingss motion. True False 15. Reanalysis of the original Hawthorne informations strongly supports initial decisions about the positive consequence of supportive supervising. True False
16. Writer Elton Mayo advised directors to go to to employees’ emotional demands. True False 17. Mary Parker Follett urged directors to demand occupation public presentation alternatively of simply trying to arouse it from employees: a “push” instead than “pull” scheme. True False 18. Douglas McGregor believed directors could carry through more by first acknowledging that employees are per se selfish and lazy and so working to rectify that fatal defect. True False 19. Harmonizing to McGregor’s Theory X. people tend to stall and bum whenever they can. True False 20. Assurance. hope. optimism. subjective wellbeing. and emotional intelligence are the five cardinal dimensions of McGregor’s Theory X. True False 21. Harmonizing to McGregor’s Theory Y. the typical employee can larn to accept and seek duty. True False 22. McGregor’s Theory X asserts that employees must be coerced and threatened with penalty before they will work. True False 23. From a philosophical position. McGregor’s Theory X places a greater accent on human potency than does his Theory Y. True False 24. The ultimate end of Six Sigma is to come within six standard divergences of flawlessness. True False 25. Six Sigma promotes intense examination of how a procedure is defined. measured. analyzed. improved. and marketed.
True False 26. Entire quality direction ( TQM ) is defined as uninterrupted. customer-centered. employee-driven betterment. True False 27. Entire quality direction is established today thanks in big portion to the pioneering work of Douglas S. Surber. True False 28. In successful betterment plans. Entire quality direction rules are embedded in the organization’s civilization. True False 29. Harmonizing to W. Edwards Deming. when things go incorrectly. there is approximately a 60 % opportunity that the system ( e. g. . direction. machinery. or regulations ) is at mistake and about a 40 % opportunity that the single employee is at mistake. True False 30. W. Edwards Deming believed that formal preparation in statistical procedure control is unneeded ( and even counterproductive ) in modern organisations. True False 31. Deming would probably back a concern theoretical account wherein organisational betterment is addressed. in a meaningful and intense manner. one time a twelvemonth at an one-year meeting. True False
In the early 1990s. even when Internet applications were undergoing a growing jet. advocators said it would amount to nil in the terminal. True False 33. Those born into the alleged “Net Generation” topographic point a high value on freedom. True False 34. Members of the “Net Generation” are by and large unskilled at coaction due to their distressingly awkward societal accomplishments and questionable hygiene. True False 35. E-business involves utilizing the Internet to purchase and sell goods and services whereas e-commerce involves utilizing the Internet to ease every facet of running a concern. True False 36. Human capital is the productive potency of an individual’s cognition and actions. True False 37. Social capital is productive possible ensuing from strong relationships. good will. trust. and concerted attempt. True False 38. Intelligence. creativeness. motive and enthusiasm are dimensions of societal capital. True False 39. Trust. common regard. teamwork. and chumminess are dimensions of societal capital. True False 40. A recent reappraisal of 30 old ages of concern literature led to the decision that good direction requires a clear intent and a prejudice toward action.
True False 41. After a reappraisal of 30 old ages of concern literature. it was concluded that to be an effectual director one must be really sensitive both to past experience and to the mass of new information available through digital beginnings. True False 42. Harmonizing to Henry Mintzberg. the most critical occupation in our society is that of the director. True False 43. Henry Mintzberg discovered that directors typically devote big blocks of clip to be aftering. True False 44. Directors with high degrees of accomplishment command tend to hold better fractional monetary unit public presentation and employee morale than directors with lower degrees of accomplishment command. True False 45. At its nucleus. direction is about covering efficaciously with people. True False 46. Harmonizing to recent research. effectual female and male directors have significantly different accomplishment profiles. True False 47. The successful twenty-first century director portions entree to power and cardinal information. True False 48. A successful twenty-first century director positions people as a possible job. True False
49. The primary function of a twenty-first century director is to give orders and control action. True False 50. A successful twenty-first century director seeks to ease alteration. True False 51. Directors of the hereafter will be compensated based on clip. attempt. and rank. True False 52. Corporate officers in the U. S. are mostly protected from rough condemnable punishments by the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. True False 53. A countrywide study of human resource professionals revealed that merely 11 % on occasion ascertained unethical behaviour at their organisations. True False 54. The highest degree of Carroll’s Global Social Responsibility Pyramid is occupied by ethical duty. True False 55. “Kindness to the helpless” is the most basic and indispensable of Kent Hodgison’s seven moral rules. True False 56. Harmonizing to a 2008 study. pupils at spiritual schools are significantly less likely to rip off than pupils at non-religious schools.
True False 57. An organization’s ethical clime can be improved by developing a meaningful codification of moralss. True False 58. Surveies in the United States and the United Kingdom demonstrate that corporate committedness to moralss typically comes at a big underside line cost to the organisation. True False 59. A field survey is a statistical pooling technique leting behavioural scientists to pull general decisions about certain variables from many different surveies. True False 60. Because of the extremely controlled nature of research lab surveies. generalising the consequences to organisational direction requires cautiousness. True False 61. Which of the followers is non associated with higher net incomes and lower turnover? A. Layoffs B. Careful engaging C. Generous wage D. A deficiency of accent on position E. Trust 62. Evidence suggests that people-centered direction patterns are associated with ___ . A. higher net incomes B. higher turnover C. more centralised determination doing D. increased layoffs E. Increased accent on hierarchal position
63. The aim of organisational behaviour is to develop a better ___ . A. apprehension of rivals B. apprehension of people at work C. corporate procedures D. indoctrination system for employees E. tantrum with the external environment 64. The three basic degrees of analysis in organisational behaviour are ___ . A. psychological. sociological. and statistical B. emotional. physical. and cognitive C. Functional. concern. and strategic D. Individual. group. and organisational E. group. single. and environmental 65. Why should one pass one’s clip larning about organisational behaviour? A. To larn how to interact with others more efficaciously B. To increase the opportunities of going a successful director C. To better understand human behaviour D. To increase self-management accomplishments E. All options are right 66. Which of the followers is the nucleus profession that OB pupils typically specialize in when they enter organisations? A. CEO B. COO C. CFO D. COB E. none of the above 67. Based on ulterior interviews and re-analysis of the original informations. which of the followers was likely non responsible for the high production end product at Western Electric’s Hawthorne works?
A. Fear of unemployment during the Great Depression B. Supportive supervising C. High-quality natural stuffs D. Money E. Managerial subject 68. Equally early as the 1920s. _____ advised directors to actuate occupation public presentation alternatively of simply demanding it. In other words. ( s ) he advocated a “pull” instead than a “push” scheme. A. Douglas McGregor B. Kristin McKay C. W. Edwards Deming D. Henry Mintzberg E. Mary Parker Follett 69. In the 1933 classic. The Human Problems of an Industrial Civilization. _____ advised directors to go to to employees’ emotional demands. A. Douglas McGregor B. Elton Mayo C. W. Edwards Deming D. Henry Mintzberg E. Mary Parker Follett 70. Which of the followers is an premise of McGregor’s Theory Y? The typical individual ___ . A. has imaginativeness and creativeness B. cares merely about security C. prefers to be directed D. avoids work if possible E. requires close supervising
71. Which of the followers is an premise of McGregor’s Theory X? The typical individual ___ . A. dislikes work and will avoid it if possible B. positions work as a natural activity. like drama or rest C. can larn to accept and seek duty D. is capable of autonomy and self-denial E. has imaginativeness. inventiveness. and creativeness 72. _____ is based on pessimistic and negative premises about human nature. A. Theory Q B. Theory W C. Theory X D. Theory Y E. Theory Z 73. _____ is based on a positive set of premises about human nature. A. Theory Q B. Theory W C. Theory X D. Theory Y E. Theory Z 74. Harmonizing to the rules of entire quality direction ( TQM ) . betterment is _____ driven. A. stakeholder B. direction C. leader D. employee E. industry 75. “Continuous. customer-centered. employee-driven improvement” defines ___ . A. entire quality direction B. the eventuality attack C. the human dealingss motion D. organisational behaviour E. the Hawthorne bequest 76.
W. Edwards Deming had much to state about how employees should be treated. Among other things. he called for ___ . A. formal preparation in managerial techniques B. an accent on single duty C. riddance of barriers to good craft D. accent on numerical quotas E. order giving and punishment 77. Harmonizing to W. Edwards Deming. _____ is required to bring out system ( e. g. . machinery ) failures. A. a fearful work environment B. new leading C. an interview with the go toing supervisor D. an interview with the employee responsible E. statistical analysis 78. Harmonizing to W. Edwards Deming. when things go incorrectly. there is approximately a ( N ) ______ per centum opportunity the system ( e. g. . direction. machinery. or regulations ) is at mistake and about a _____ per centum opportunity the single employee is at mistake. A. 55 ; 45 B. 65 ; 35 C. 75 ; 25 D. 85 ; 15 E. 95 ; 05
79. A common rule underlying assorted entire quality direction ( TQM ) plans is that one should ___ . A. hint faulty points back to the person responsible B. maintain a strong differentiation between labour and direction C. listen and learn from rivals D. maintain a strong Quality Inspection section E. do it compensate the first clip to extinguish dearly-won rework 80. Those born into the so called “net generation” topographic point a premium on ___ . A. isolation B. trust C. tradition D. construction E. freedom 81. _____ refers to purchasing and selling goods and services over the Internet whereas _____ refers to utilizing the Internet to ease every facet of running a concern. A. Virtual organisation ; practical squad B. E-business ; E-mail C. E-mail ; E-commerce D. Virtual squad ; practical organisation E. E-commerce ; E-business 82. _____ represents the productive potency of an individual’s cognition and actions.
A. The Hawthorne bequest B. McGregor’s Theory X C. Human capital D. E-business E. Social capital 83. _____ represents the productive possible ensuing from strong relationships. good will. trust. and concerted attempt. A. The Hawthorne bequest B. McGregor’s Theory X C. Human capital D. E-business E. Social capital 84. Intel spends 1000000s of dollars each twelvemonth to promote instruction in math and scientific discipline. This policy ___ . A. builds human capital B. wastes organisational resources C. increases employee turnover D. reflects a Theory X position of human nature E. contradicts the instructions of Mary Parker Follett 85. A recent reappraisal of 30 old ages of concern literature led to the decision that good direction requires ___ . A. a clear intent and a prejudice toward action B. a willingness to set oneself before the organisation C. the occasional “bending of the rules” D. an IQ of at least 130 E. extended Six Sigma preparation
86. _____ is the procedure of working with and through others to accomplish organisational aims in an efficient and ethical mode. A. Entire quality direction B. Management C. The human relation motion D. Organizational behaviour E. The eventuality attack 87. Research by Henry Mintzberg and others has found that a typical manager’s twenty-four hours ___ . A. is a disconnected aggregation of brief episodes B. has few breaks C. has big blocks of clip for be aftering D. is contributing to reflective thought E. is chiefly exhausted planning and apportioning resources 88. Clark Wilson’s research outlined 11 accomplishments exhibited by effectual directors. Which of the followers is one of those managerial accomplishments? A. Provides feedback on annual intervals B. Makes one-sided determinations C. Provides intense force per unit area for end achievement D. Empowers and delegates responsibilities to others while keeping end lucidity and committedness E. Uses penalty and coercion to accomplish public presentation. 89. Which of the followers is a feature of a twenty-first century director? A. Vertical communicating forms B. Compensation based on clip and attempt C.
A competitory position of interpersonal relationships D. Resistance to alter E. Sharing cardinal information. 90. Of the followers. which is a feature of a 21st-century director? A. Compensation based on clip. attempt. and rank. B. Sing people as a primary resource. C. A monocultural. monolingual orientation. D. Ethical considerations are made as an reconsideration. E. Hoarding power and cardinal information. 91. _____ calls for utilizing direction techniques in a situationally appropriate mode alternatively of trusting on ‘one best manner. ’ A. Human resource development B. Organizational behaviour C. The human dealingss motion D. The eventuality attack E. Total quality direction 92. Corporate officers in the United States are capable to high answerability criterions and rough punishments under the ______ Act. A. Swart-Surber B. Hayes-Rachel C. Gambino D. Sarbabes-Oxley E. Brown 93. The base of Carroll’s Global Corporate Social Responsibility Pyramid is _____ duty. A. economic B. legal C. ethical D. philanthropic E. egocentric
94. In Hodgson’s seven moral rules. the impression of the holiness of human life is captured by ___ . A. self-respect of human life B. liberty C. honestness D. trueness E. humaneness 95. Harmonizing to a 2008 study. pupils at spiritual schools. comparative to pupils at public schools. are significantly more likely to ___ . A. follow ethical regulations of behavior B. darnel C. attend college D. efficaciously preserve their ideals throughout their lives E. work in the non-profit sector 96. In Hodgson’s seven moral rules. the impression of self finding is captured by ___ . A. self-respect of human life B. liberty C. honestness D. trueness E. humaneness 97. A _____ is a statistical pooling technique that allows behavioural scientists to pull decisions about certain variables from many different surveies. A. instance survey B. meta-analysis C. sample study D. field survey E. research lab survey 98. A _____ probes person or group processes in an organisational scene. A. instance survey B. meta-analysis C. sample study D. field survey E. research lab survey 99. In a ___ . variables are manipulated and measured in controlled state of affairss. A. instance survey B. meta-analysis C. sample study D. field survey E. research lab survey 100. _____ are characterized by high research preciseness. A. Field surveies B. Sample studies C. Laboratory surveies D. Case surveies E. Meta-analyses 101. A _____ is an in-depth analysis of a individual person. group. or organisation. A. Case study B. Meta-analysis C. Sample study D. Field study E. Laboratory survey
102. Organizational behaviour is a scientific discipline built on the foundation of a figure of older academic and applied Fieldss. What are some of these Fieldss and what are their alone parts to organisational behaviour? Be complete in your response and include. at a lower limit. five lending Fieldss.
103. Describe the premises behind McGregor’s Theory X and Theory Y. How can McGregor’s Theory Y premises be applied to the jobs of pull offing in a modern working environment?
104. What is the difference between e-commerce and e-business? Describe the E-business deductions for organisational behaviour.
105. Define human capital. Describe the qualities and features of single human capital. Which of these features do you see in yourself?
106. Compare and contrast the features of past directors and twenty-first century directors.
107. Identify the seven general ethical rules and briefly describe each.
Answers may run loosely as this inquiry calls for a synthesis of what pupils know about other Fieldss in concurrence with what they’re larning about OB. ] Organizational behaviour has been built upon the parts of psychological science. sociology. societal psychological science. anthropology. and political scientific discipline. Psychology has contributed to larning. perceptual experience. personality. emotions. preparation. leading effectivity. demands and motivational forces. occupation satisfaction. decision-making procedures. public presentation assessments. attitude measuring. employee choice techniques. work design. and occupation emphasis. Sociology has contributed through the survey of formal and complex organisations – including group kineticss. design of work squads. organisational civilization. formal organisation theory and construction. organisational engineering. communications. power. and struggle. Social psychological science has contributed in the countries of mensurating. apprehension. and altering attitudes ; communicating forms ; constructing trust ; the ways in which group activities can fulfill demands ; and group decision-making procedures. Anthropology has contributed to an apprehension of organisational civilization. organisational environments. and differences between national civilizations.
Political scientific discipline has contributed to an apprehension of structuring of struggle. allotment of power. and how people manipulate power for single opportunism. One strength of organisational behaviour is its ability to assist us understand complex topics by uniting the positions offered from such diverse subjects. 103. ( p. 8 ) Theory Ten premises are pessimistic and negative in nature. It is assumed that people dislike work and will avoid it when possible. that they must be coerced and threatened and that they prefer to be directed. Theory Y premises are positive in nature. In this instance. it is assumed that people are capable of autonomy. they will be committed to organisational aims if they are rewarded for making so. and the typical employee will seek duty and has imaginativeness. inventiveness and creativeness. Surveys suggest that most employees would prefer to go an built-in portion of the organisation. but they feel a deficiency of connexion with their supervisor or with the organisation. Theory Y premises expressed by directors would assist mend this gulf between employees and organisations.
104. ( p. 12 ) E-commerce refers to the purchasing and merchandising of goods and services over the Internet. E-business is much broader in range and refers to the usage of the Internet to ease every facet of running a concern. E-business can radically change any activity that depends significantly on the flow of information. This might include everything from client demands and merchandise design to monetary values. agendas. fundss. employee public presentation informations. and corporate scheme. Directors and employees have entree to greater measures of information because communicating crosses traditional organisational boundaries. 105. ( p. 14 ) Human capital is the productive potency of an individual’s cognition and actions. Features of human capital include single intelligence. aspirations. proficient and societal accomplishments. self-pride. enterprise. adaptability. preparedness to larn. creativeness. enthusiasm. motive and committedness. continuity. ethical criterions. honestness and emotional adulthood. How pupils relate these concepts to their ain experience will change loosely. 106. ( p. 17 ) Past directors saw themselves as order-givers who relied on formal authorization as a beginning of influence.
Communication forms were typically perpendicular in nature and information was restricted. Employees were frequently viewed as a beginning of jobs and competitory interpersonal relationships. twenty-first century directors see themselves as facilitators and managers. They rely on proficient and interpersonal cognition as a power base. Communication flows in multiple waies and information is shared. Employees are viewed as a valued resource and spouses in concerted interpersonal relationships. 107. ( p. 24 ) The seven general ethical rules include self-respect of human life. liberty. honestness. trueness. equity. humaneness. and the common good. Dignity of human life means that worlds have a right to populate and to be treated with regard.
Autonomy means that all individuals are per se valuable and therefore hold rights to self-government and equal human autonomy. Honesty means that the world of the state of affairs should be told to those who have a right to cognize it. Loyalty means that promises. contracts. and committednesss should be honored. Fairness means that one has a right to be treated reasonably. impartially. and equitably. and has the duty to handle others reasonably and rightly. Humaneness means that our actions ought to make good to ourselves and others and we should avoid making evil. The common good agencies that actions should profit the public assistance of the largest figure of people while seeking to protect the rights of persons.