Understanding Marriage and Families across Time and Place
Family – the cell (small social group) of society, the most important form of organization of personal life, based on a conjugal union and kinship ties, i.e. relations between husband and wife, parents and children, brothers and sisters, and other relatives living together and leading a common economy on the basis of a single family budget. Family life is characterized by material and spiritual processes. Through the family, generations of people change, in it a person is born, through which the family continues family, its forms and functions directly depend on social relations in general, and also on the level of cultural development of society. Naturally, the higher the culture of society, hence the higher the culture of the family. The family as the primary cell is the educational cradle of humanity. The family mainly brings up children. In the family, the child receives the first labor skills. He develops the ability to appreciate and respect the work of people, where he acquires the experience of caring for parents, relatives, and friends, learns reasonable consumption of various material goods, accumulates experience of communication with money.
The best example is the example of parents. In most cases, children are the reflection of parents. The role of the family in society is incomparable in its power with no other social institutions, since it is in the family that the personality of a person is formed and develops, the social roles necessary for the child’s painless adaptation in society are mastered. The family acts as the first educational institution, the connection with which a person feels throughout his life. Statistics show that the transition to a market-based management system had a very painful effect on the family’s status as a social institution. Demographers record a catastrophic fall in the birth rate, sociologists note an increase in the number of antisocial families and predict a decline in the standard of living, a decline in the moral foundations of family upbringing. In all ages, the family has felt the need to receive support in the upbringing of their children. History shows that when people lived in large families, the necessary knowledge and skills of the family life of family life were transmitted from generation to generation naturally and every day. In a modern industrial society, when family ties between generations are violated, the transfer of the necessary knowledge about the formation of a family and the upbringing of children becomes one of the most important concerns of society.