Unit test study guide (Mythology)

Myth
a traditional story that tells a belief system, a natural phenomenon, or world view of a group of people
1. supernatural beings 2. fantastic settings 3. An attempt to explain the origin of the universe 4. conflicts between worlds, beings, the self, or natural element
purpose of a myth (4 answers)
Beginning (Myth)
introduced the characters, the setting, and the confict
Middle (Myth)
Builds the conflict and shows how characters attempt to overcome obstacles
End (Myth)
Resolve the conflict
Identify important words and phrases
Step 1 of making summary
Eliminate minor detailes
Step 2 of making summary
Restate central ideas and key details in your own words
Step 3 of making summary
Connect ideas with transitions
Step 4 of making summary
Context clue
hints to a word’s meaning that are found in the text around the word
definition clues
when the text it self defines a difficult word
Example clues
When examples of the difficult word are provided
Synonym and antonym clues
When the text uses a word that has similar or opposite meaning respectively as a nearby word
Explanation clues
provides a description or explanation that you can use to infer the most likely definition of the word
word root
the part of a word that shows its central meaning
dorm (dormitory)
sleep (prefix)
crat / cracy (democracy)
rule (suffix)
cred (incredible)
believe (prefix)
corp (incorporate)
body
dict (dictate)
say / speak (prefix)
gen (generate)
birth (prefix)
geo (geography)
earth (prefix)
affix
a word part that is added to a word root to make a new word
prefix
a word part that is added to the beginning of a word root
a- (amoral)
not, without (prefix)
ex- (export)
out (prefix)
inter- (interstate)
between, among (prefix)
im- (impossible)
not, without (prefix)
suffix
a word part that is added to the end of a word root
-cy (infancy)
a state or condition (suffix)
-ic, -ous (curious)
having the quality of something (suffix)
-ful (hopeful)
filled with (suffix)
-ist (artist)
someone who does something (suffix)
1. show that the words are not your own 2.give credit to the speaker or writer 3. avoid plagiarism
purpose to use quatation
a phrase, sentence, or passage that a writer takes from another source and uses in his or her writing
quatation
1. make an argument stronger 2. give an example 3. connect writing to a historical context 4. add interesting and entertaining information
quotation can be used to (4answer)
1. Put a comma or period at the end of a quotation, inside the quotation mark 2. Capitalize the first word of a word of a complete sentence in a quotation 3. Introduce a full sentence quotation with a phrase followed by a comma
Rule of Quotation
Ellipses
marks that show that words have been left out
Nonrestrictive modifier
a descriptive word, phrase, or clause that adds extra information to a sentence but is not essential to its meaning
a) “Can you pass the pickles?” he asked.
Which sentence has perfectly punctuated dialogue?
a) “Can you pass the pickles?” he asked.
b) “Can you pass the pickles”? He asked.
c) “Can you pass the pickles?” He asked.
d) “Can you pass the pickles?” he asked
b) Cordelia blurted. “The answer is five!”
Which sentence is INCORRECT?
a) “Be a pal and pass the mustard,” Bonnie said.
b) Cordelia blurted. “The answer is five!”
c) “Let’s go to the zoo!” exclaimed Ryan.
d) “Did you do your homework?” Jason’s mother asked.
c) “Please sneeze into your sleeve,” Mrs. Keppler told us.
Which sentence has perfectly punctuated dialogue?
a) Please sneeze into your sleeve.” Mrs. Keppler told us.
b) “Please sneeze into your sleeve, Mrs. Keppler told us.”
c) “Please sneeze into your sleeve,” Mrs. Keppler told us.
d)”Please sneeze into your sleeve”, Mrs. Keppler told us.
b, c, f
Which phrases include sensory language? Check all that apply.

a) the breeze last night
b) the softly drifting snow
c) the bumpy, twisted tree
d) the newly bought car
e) the rabbit next door
f) the scarred, stained rug

a) My mother, a wise woman in many ways, always said she “never understood the power of positive thinking.”
Which quotation has the correct punctuation and capitalization?
a) My mother, a wise woman in many ways, always said she “never understood the power of positive thinking.”
b) Benjamin Franklin once said “a penny saved is a penny earned.”
c) Paris, France, is known as “The city of lights.”
d) As a philosopher who was wise for his young age once said “it has taken too long for change.”
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