United states History midturn review

7 July 2016

1. Which of the following would have supported the actions shown in this cartoon during Reconstruction? (number 1) -Radical Republicans -Ku Klux Klan -Northerners -Freedmen’s Bureau (not the answer) 2. Which statement highlights the difficulties faced by those working on the Panama Canal? (number 2) -Workers had to clear and level mountains so that the entire length of the canal would be at sea level -The treaty allowed only Americans and Panamanians to work at the site, resulting in a severe worker shortage.

-Workers had to dig out tons of earth in rugged, jungle-filled terrain under hot, tropical conditions -Because there were no railroads in Panama, railroads had to be built first in order to move workers and equipment to the site (not the answer) 3. What does the cartoonist imply about political bosses and the issue of women’s suffrage? (number 3) -Political bosses were against women’s suffrage because they feared women might use their votes to end corruption.

United states History midturn review Essay Example

-Political bosses were against women’s suffrage because they knew that most women wanted the right to vote (not the answer) -Political bosses favored women’s suffrage because it would provide more votes for the political machine to control. -Political bosses were favored women’s suffrage because they would control women’s votes 4. To which of the following is the excerpt above linked? (number 7) -the Jazz Age -the Lost Generation (not the answer) -the Harlem Renaissance -religious fundamentalism 5. How did DuBois’s beliefs about achieving equality, as reflected in this quotation, differ from those of Booker T.

Washington? (number 8) -DuBois believed that trade colleges such as the Tuskegee Institute would bring about equality; Washington believed that a liberal arts education would bring about equality. -DuBois believed that education and vocational training would bring about equality; Washington believed that the work of the NAACP would bring about equality. (not the answer) -DuBois believed that a liberal arts education would bring about equality; Washington believed that those trained by the Niagara Movement would bring about equality.

-DuBois believed that gifted African American leaders would bring about equality; Washington believed that education and vocational training would bring about equality 6. How did these laws limit the 13th Amendment? (number 9) -Most former slaves had no skills other than working on the plantations and these laws made it possible for African Americans to keep working on the farms -Most former slaves were unruly and violent toward their former masters and these laws prevented white citizens from being harmed.

(not the answer) -Most former slaves wanted to continue to work for their masters and these laws prevented them from continuing to work in areas in which they were most skilled -Most former slaves had no employment and these laws made it possible to keep African Americans in a cycle of slavery by imprisoning them for being jobless. 7. Which statement describes the influence of Social Darwinism on imperialism? (Number 12) – Nations that remain isolated will be the most unified and most fit to survive – Nations must acquire new territories and become world powers in order to survive.

– Nations that acquire new territories will be defeated as other powers join forces against them. – Nations that acquire new territories will grow and change and eventually lose their founding principles. 8. What did the settlement house movement do? 13 -tore down old, overcrowded, multi-family tenements -provided community centers to support city dwellers -allowed other countries to build housing for new immigrants -helped people move to the suburbs to escape unsafe conditions 9. Which of the following completes the diagram? 14 -Rise and Growth of Railroads

-Rise and Growth of Labor Unions -Effects of Vertical Integration -Effects of Interstate Commerce Act 10. In what way was Marcus Garvey’s approach to civil rights more radical than others? 15 -Garvey called for African Americans to start a revolution. -Garvey’s followers used lynchings to intimidate their opposition. -Garvey believed African Americans should form a separate society. -Garvey believed there would be thousands of deaths before equality was achieved. 11. Which order of events correctly describes changes in Germany’s policy of unrestricted submarine warfare?

17 -unrestricted submarine warfare, American ultimatum, moratorium, cancellation of the Sussex Pledge -unrestricted submarine warfare, cancellation of the Sussex Pledge, American declaration of war, moratorium -unrestricted submarine warfare, moratorium, American ultimatum, Sussex Pledge -unrestricted submarine warfare, Sussex Pledge, American declaration of war, cancellation of the Sussex Pledge 12. Which explains how African American civil rights leader Marcus Garvey might respond to this quote? 18 -He would applaud the author for arguing in favor of a passive approach to racial equality.

-He would condemn the author for implying that interracial marriage is wrong. -He would support the author for suggesting that racial equality is an impossibility. -He would criticize the author for supporting integration of the races, not separation. 13. Which of the following groups took the most violent steps to discourage immigration? 19 -the Ku Klux Klan -Sacco and Vanzetti -the Emergency Quota Act -the United Negro Improvement Association 14. What did workers do when they signed yellow-dog contracts? 20 -agreed to work for reduced wages -agreed to work only eight hours a day

-promised they would not join a union -promised they would not go out on strike 15. Who is often recognized as the first African American female entrepreneur? 22 -Jan Matzeliger -Sarah E. Goode -Carrie Nation -Madame C. J. Walker 16. What is one way the second Industrial Revolution differed from the first Industrial Revolution? 27 -The first revolution brought large numbers of immigrants to American cities. -The second revolution brought large numbers of immigrants to American cities. -The first was based on transportation improvements. -The second was based on transportation improvements. 17.

Which statement describes the way war bonds raised money? 28 -The government received a cash loan from the buyer; the buyer received the original amount back plus interest. -The government received a cash contribution from the buyer; the buyer donated money that was not returned. -The government paid a cash loan to the buyer; the buyer paid back the loan plus interest. -The government received a cash loan from the buyer; the buyer received back only the interest on the loan. 18. To prepare the country for World War I, what became an early focus of American industrial mass production? 31 -ships -airplanes

-automobiles -ammunition 19. Which of the following movements was instrumental in creating the scene shown in this painting 33 -Social Darwinism movement -settlement house movement -Niagara movement -nativist movement 20. Based on this quote, how might Social Darwinists respond to the immigration restrictions of the late 1800s and early 1900s? 40 -They would have supported immigration restrictions because they considered immigrants a terrible threat to native citizens’ jobs. -They would have condemned immigration restrictions because they supported equality among people from every race and religious background.

-They would have supported immigration restrictions because they considered immigrants an inferior class and a barrier to healthy competition. -They would have condemned immigration restrictions because they believed that every person was capable of achieving success. 21. How did newspapers and magazines relate to American foreign policy at the end of the 19th century? 41 -Most newspaper owners were committed to American isolationism and ran few stories about distant places. -Stories about distant places were popular and encouraged calls for a larger American role in world affairs.

-Government leaders pressured newspapers to avoid stories about distant places in order to protect plans for military intervention overseas. -Few newspapers published stories about distant places, focusing instead on stories about the American West and the closing of the frontier. 22. What did the passage of the Chinese Exclusion Act reflect about American society in the late 1800s? 42 -the effect that nativism had on United States immigration policy -the preference American industrialists had for Asian workers -the need for more workers to complete the railroad -America’s fear of immigrants from communist countries 23.

Why did many people oppose anarchy as too extreme? 44 -It supported the elimination of competition. -It supported the elimination of socialism. -It supported the elimination of businesses. -It supported the elimination of government. 24. As the United States entered World War I what was significant about the fact that the two largest immigrant groups in the United States were German Americans and Irish Americans? 45 -Members of both groups had negative feelings toward the Allies and favored American neutrality -Members of both groups registered for the military in record numbers, despite their ties to their homelands.

-Members of both groups were prohibited from serving in the military because of their questionable loyalties. -Members of both groups were asked to join the American Protective League to spy on their friends and neighbors. 25. In what way was the sinking of the Lusitania and the sinking of the Maine similar? 52 -In both cases, Americans reacted with outrage and calls for war -In both cases, Americans had been warned of the attack in advance -In both cases, military vessels attacked unarmed civilian passenger ships -In both cases, the ships were carrying military contraband to aid people at war

26. How does this quote reveal Carnegie’s support for the ideas of Social Darwinism? 56 -It argues that the government must help those who are in trouble, which will benefit the group as a whole. -It argues that the harsh nature of the business world helps the group by proving who has superior skills. -It argues that it is the duty of those who are doing well in the business world to help those who are not. -It argues that individuals, employers, the government, and charities must work together for the good of the group.

27. Which of the following should replace the question mark in the last column? 58 -the Glass-Steagall Act because it showed farmers how to boost production per acre -the Social Security Act because it redefined the federal government’s responsibility to care for its citizens -the Works Progress Administration because it continued to supply employment for construction workers -the Home Owners’ Loan Corporation because it broke down racial barriers that had kept neighborhoods segregated

References

Wintz, Cary D. African American Political Thought, 1890-1930: Washington, Du Bois, Garvey, and Randolph. ME Sharpe, 1996.

Norrell, Robert J. “Booker T. Washington: Understanding the Wizard of Tuskegee.” The Journal of Blacks in Higher Education 42 (2003): 96-109.

Avery, Sheldon. Up from Washington: William Pickens and the negro struggle for equality, 1900-1954. University of Delaware Press, 1989.

Du Bois, William Edward Burghardt, and Brent Hayes Edwards. The souls of black folk. Oxford University Press, 2008.

Gaines, Kevin K. Uplifting the race: Black leadership, politics, and culture in the twentieth century. UNC Press Books, 2012.

Ratner, Michael, and Eleanor Stein. “W. Haywood Burns: To Be of Use.” Yale LJ 106 (1996): 753.

Patterson, James T., and William W. Freehling. Brown v. Board of Education: A civil rights milestone and its troubled legacy. Oxford University Press, 2001.

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