Some people believe that the education system exists mainly to select and prepare younger people for their future work roles. Item A agrees with this idea as it says that education teaches people to perform “a vital role in modern societies”, while family life gives people the ability to play a role as a “functioning member of a large-scale society”. In other words, it says that education is key for “modern” work, while social life is more key in giving people social skills, to function with other people within society. This agrees with the question because the question says that education is important for “future work roles”.

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The statement also agrees with the functionalist view of education in the way that it suggest that education life and family life is highly effective in making everyone almost perfect members in society, as it suggests that the education perfectly prepares people with the ability which is needed in any chosen work role, and that the family prepares people to have the ideal number of social skills. However the Marxist perspective is largely different, especially in its disagreement with the role of education.

They disagree with this because it they believe that education not only refuses people from getting any role that they have in the working world, but also that it doesn’t effectively prepare people for a role in work. Although, Item A also agrees with the functionalist view as it says that in modern society only the “education system” can give the individuals the skills they need to “join the workplace”. However this entire statement is quite old fashioned as it views the family life as being a nuclear family life, so is not culturally diverse as it fails to recognise other cultural families and single parent families etc.

However Item A does also disagree with the question in some ways, as it says that some “sociologists… disagree about whether it is done on the basis of individuals’ abilities and efforts”. This contradicts the earlier view that education is almost perfect in how it provides everystudent with a meritocratic and equal opportunity in gaining the roles needed for work.

Page 2 Using material from item A and elsewhere, assess the view that the education system exists mainly to select and prepare young people for their future work roles Essay

This shows perfectly how many sociologists disagree with each other on a large scale, and the view is to an extent similar to that of a Marxist, however it is not as extreme, as it doesn’tnecessarily state that the idea of meritocracy is “a myth”.

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