Various factors contributed toward the influx of settlers in the Western territories. On the psychological and intellectual level, it was the spirit of ‘Manifest Destiny’ that motivated the immigrants and settlers to move westward. Later on, the recognition of fertility of Western lands, easy availability of irrigation and exploration of gold further triggered people to migrate westward. Furthermore governmental policies to allot lands in the Western states also contributed to westward expansion.

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Westward expansion exercised profound influence on the American history. In the first instances it gave rise to equality among the immigrants and the settlers.

The people who felt oppressed and unfree in their states used to get rid of this bondage by moving away to new frontiers. Westward expansion also capacitated to the emergence of a new a culture. After the occupation of the new area, the different institutions of civilizations merged with each other to give rise to a new socio-cultural set-up. The regional, linguistic and parochial interests were not cared for.

New settlers also enabled the Native Americans to intermingle with the new society that helped greatly in shaping the American Nationality. Additionally westward expansion toward a healthy economy. Agriculture boosted due to tremendous growth in cotton planters and plantation.

Mexican war helped America to acquire a very large tract of territories measuring about 1 million square miles and newly conquered territory were also settled by the planters. The Mexican people were resentful about the conquest earlier but enjoyed the benefits of American nationality and mingled with the planters to create a homogeneous society.

In totality, Westward Expansion was motivated by economic causes but it inculcated a new spirit in the Americans and facilitated the creation of a truly multicultural and multi-ethnic American culture and society

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