Vegetarianism Essay Research Paper Vegetarianism as defined

9 September 2017

Vegetarianism Essay, Research Paper

Vegetarianism as defined by The World Book Dictionary ( 1989 ) is & # 8220 ; the

pattern or rule of eating merely vegetable nutrients and forbearing

from eating meat, fish, or other carnal merchandises & # 8221 ; . This definition,

though accurate, seems slightly limited, as being a vegetarian is so

much more: it is a lifestyle pick, a manner of thought, and a manner of

behaving. Over 12 million Americans and countless others, from all over

the universe, have turned to the vegetarian diet ( Vegetarian Times, 1996 ) .

Peoples who have become vegetarians have made a witting pick to be

this and, holding studied this pattern, no 1 should entertain

going a vegetarian lightly. Even though there are many benefits to

going a vegetarian, the determination could besides be harmful. There are

many grounds for people to take a vegetarian life style. Some people

follow it as a craze, while others profess to make it because of an antipathy

to eating animate beings. There are spiritual grounds for non eating meat and

still others follow vegetarianism as a manner to lose weight, utilizing it as

a diet. In each instance it can be a healthy or a harmful manner to eat. The

benefits or injury of vegetarianism is associated with two factors:

instruction about nutritionary demands coupled with nutrient picks. Even

groups like jocks can boom on a vegetarian diet if they are good

educated to the organic structures & # 8217 ; dietetic demands! and are good cognizant of the

limit-less picks available on a vegetarian diet. What follows in

this essay, is first: a brief, yet insightful expression at the vegetarian

diet ( the nutritionary facet ) and so: an analysis of how this diet

may, in fact, be a good pick for an jock.

The first thing people need to recognize is that there is more

than merely one type of vegetarian diet. In fact, there are

three basic vegetarian diets to take from. The first is the

lacto-ovo diet. This diet includes the usage of eggs and dairy

merchandises. The 2nd 1 is the lacto diet, which besides includes

the usage of dairy merchandises but, unlike the lacto-ovo diet, this

diet does non include the usage of eggs. The 3rd diet is the

vegan diet. This diet excludes the usage of eggs, dairy

merchandises, and any nutrient prepared with eggs and dairy merchandises.

Many vegans do non utilize honey either ( Giehl, 1979 ) . Changing

your diet to one of these three vegetarian diets could be a

move in a healthier way. Vegetarians are, on the

norm, far healthier than those who consume the typical

Western diet ( Hulsey, 1997 ) . It is a well-established fact that

vegetarians suffer less bosom disease than meat-eaters ( The

European, 1992 ) . The high measures of fat and protein and the

entire deficiency of fibre in meat are linked to a distressing array of

degenerative diseases such as & # 8220 ; malignant neoplastic disease, coronary artery disease,

diabetes, fleshiness, and many others & # 8221 ; ( Akers, 1983 p. 23 ) . There

is an emerging consensus that a vegetarian diet is really

better than a meat-oriented diet. ( Akers, 1983 ) . The American

Dietetic Association has frequently voiced it & # 8217 ; s support of the & # 8220 ; good

planned & # 8221 ; vegetarian diet ( Hulsey, 1997 ) . Good wellness, nevertheless,

is non automatically guaranteed merely because person becomes a

vegetarian. Understanding the organic structure & # 8217 ; s dietetic demands, being

organized and holding a good program are the keys to a healthy

vegetarian diet. The organic structure requires a certain sum of

protein, saccharides, fat, vitamins, and minerals, to prolong

a long, healthy being. Most people believe that the

vegetarian diet deficiencies in the needed sums of each of

these. When, in world, these substances are in copiousness in

the well-balanced vegetarian diet. In fact, from research, we

learn that & # 8220 ; it is widely recognized that works nutrients are the

best beginnings of many of these foods & # 8221 ; ( Akers, 1983 p.49 ) .

Carbohydrates, fats and proteins are the primary beginnings of

energy to the organic structure because they supply fuel necessary for organic structure

heat and work ( Dunne, 1990 ) . Protein seems to be of the

greatest concern for people believing about going a

vegetarian. Following to H2O, protein is the most plentiful

substance in the organic structure. It is one of the most of import

elements for the care of good wellness and verve.

Protein is the primary food involved in the growing and

development of all organic structure tissues ( Dunne, 1990 ) . Our society has

embedded in us the belief that the lone manner of acquiring adequate

protein is to eat big measures of meat and that people who

Don & # 8217 ; t eat meat will endure from a protein lack.

Ironically, protein is the easiest of all the foods to

get. An entirely random choice of nutrient workss, incorporating

adequate Calories to prolong life, will about ever supply

plenty protein to run into your organic structure & # 8217 ; s demands ( Akers, 1983 ) .

Nathan Pritikin, states in his book The P! ritikin Program for

Diet and Exercise ( Grosset and Dunlap, 1979 ) that & # 8220 ; the best nutrient

beginnings for protein are grains, roots, veggies, and fruits in

unprocessed, minimally processed signifier & # 8221 ; ( Tracy, 1985 ) .

Procuring saccharides and fat in 1s & # 8217 ; diet is non every bit much of

a concern for the vegetarian. Carbohydrates are found

chiefly in nutrient of works beginning and indispensable fatty acids are

found widely in nutrient beginnings from workss. There has been some

argument about the indispensable fatty acid, linoleic acid, and

whether or non there was a sufficient sum of it in the

vegetarian diet. The dietetic demand of linoleic acid is,

approximately, 1 % to 3 % of entire Calories ( Dunne, 1990 ) . A survey done

on British vegans showed that & # 8220 ; they were acquiring approximately 13 % of

their Calories from linoleic acid & # 8221 ; ( Akers, 1983 ) . Clearly this

shows that the mean vegetarian has little to be concerned

approximately. The dietetic demands of other foods, which may

be of extra concern to the vegetarian, are Ca and

B12. For the vegetarian, particularly the vegan, fear about low

degrees of these foods may be common. Where, on the 1

manus, milk and other dairy merchandises are a great beginning of Ca for

the lacto and lacto-ovo vegetarians. For the vegan, who has

eliminated all dairy merchandises from their diet, there is, nevertheless,

small uncertainty that they excessively can acquire Ca from plant-based beginnings.

Broccoli, boodle, Brassica rapa leafy vegetables, and spinach all have considerable

sums of Ca in them. Equally good, even though grains in the signifier

of staff of lifes are comparatively low in Ca, they are still a good beginning

because of the high frequence of consumption by vegans ( Vegetarian Times,

1996 ) .

Following to protein, B12 is likely the 2nd most of import

issue in vegetarian nutrition. This is because & # 8220 ; animate being

protein is about the lone beginning in which B12 occurs

of course in significant sums & # 8221 ; ( Dunne, 1990 p.31 ) .

However, merely improbably little sums of this vitamin are

thought to be necessary. The mean individual needs about 3

mcgs per twenty-four hours ( Akers, 1983 ) . For the vegan, who is

worried about the deficiency of this vitamin in their diet, they

have many options. They can take B12 addendums or eat a B12

-fortified cereal a twosome of times a hebdomad. Another option

for them is to add nutritionary barm to their nutrient ; one to two

teaspoons contains a hebdomad & # 8217 ; s dietetic demand of this

vitamin ( Vegetarian Times, 1996 ) .

It is clear, so, that the vegetarian diet can be

healthy if it is has been instituted

decently and with the consciousness of the organic structure & # 8217 ; s nutritionary demands. This

informed attack to devouring a vegetarian diet is even more of import

for the vegetarian jock. They excessively can boom on the vegetarian

diet if they include, every bit good, in their instruction a thorough

apprehension of what their organic structure will necessitate to execute to it & # 8217 ; s full

possible. There have been several universe category jocks who have

succeeded in their athleticss and done it on the vegetarian diet. Six clip

Ironman victor, Dave Scott, the baseball place tally male monarch, Hank Aaron,

tennis star, Martina Navratilova and many other top acting jocks

hold all competed on a vegetarian diet ( Thimian, 1997 ) . All these

jocks had something else in common. Besides being vegetarians, they

all realized that to develop and vie at peek public presentation they needed

to hold a well-balanced and complete vegetarian diet.

The best vegetarian diet for the jock is the lacto-ovo diet

because it allows them to keep the increased degrees of

protein and Ca without holding to eat excessively many of the nutrients

which contains majority. Although, a balanced vegan diet besides supplies far

more protein than the needed day-to-day allowance and is rather equal

for the preparation jock ( Doyle, 1979 ) . Having excessively much protein in the

organic structure is non good for non-athlete, but is even worse for the jock.

Excessively much protein in the organic structure can interfere with the organic structure & # 8217 ; s ability to

absorb Ca, which is highly of import to the jock, and can

hinder public presentation ( Vegetarian Times, 1996 ; Winter, 1994 ) .

Besides all the normal concerns of a vegetarian non-athlete,

the vegetarian jock has extra considerations. & # 8220 ; In

add-on to high quality protein, vegetarian jocks must pay

close attending to acquiring plenty of two indispensable minerals,

Fe and zinc & # 8221 ; ( Winters, 1994 p.1 ) Some peak public presentation

jocks suffer from a status known as athleticss anaemia.

Although it is iron related, it is non a true lack.

& # 8220 ; Sports anaemia is the organic structure & # 8217 ; s inability to fit the increased

plasma volume that occurs at high degrees of intense and

drawn-out preparation & # 8221 ; ( Thimian, 1997, p.3 ) . This status can be

treated easy by taking Fe addendums, increasing vitamin C

to heighten soaking up, and taking a remainder from or diminishing the

physical emphasis that caused the status ( Thimian, 1997 ) . As

good as being cognizant about their nutritionary demands and how to

adequately run into them, the vegetarian jock must besides follow

some basic, general, guidelines for all jocks. Having a

pre-game, saccharide rich repast. This will guard off hungriness

strivings and aid to keep blood sugar degrees during an

activity or event. They must imbibe plentifulness of H2O during the

activity to replace exhausted fluids. After the activity, the

jock must loosen up. The organic structure needs clip to recover.

Last, and most significantly, they must acquire plentifulness of remainder.

The jock puts their organic structure through strict preparation and

hence needs the slumber to renew, more so than sedentary

people ( Doyle, 1979 ) . Following all of these guidelines will

aid guarantee that the vegetarian jock ever achieves a extremum

public presentation while keeping brilliant wellness. Vegetarianism

has, for some clip, been the whipping boy of those who believe

that there is no possible manner that a individual could except meat

from their diet and remain healthy for long. This would use

double to those who would make bold to reject meat and name

themselves jocks. Both the meat industry and the medical

community have for some clip presented a position that anyone who would

effort to stay vegetarian for any length of clip would go ill

nourished and, finally, ill. These yearss, nevertheless, members of the

medical community have swayed to a saner position. Research has proven

repeatedly that, with the proper instruction, vegetarianism is non merely

safe, but even healthy. The greater fright, ironically, in the medical

community, now, is about the high rate of disease caused by fatso

nutrients, many of which root from the high ingestion of meat and dairy

merchandises. Today & # 8217 ; s physician is far more likely to be afraid of the high

measures of meat and dairy merchandises that people consume that about

the absence of it. It does non look that implausible if the diet of

pick for everyone would one twenty-four hours be the vegetarian diet.

Page

Akers, K. ( 1983 ) . A Vegetarian Sourcebook. G.P. Putnam & # 8217 ; s Son. New York.

Doyle, R. ( 1979 ) . The Vegetarian Handbook. Crown Publishers Inc. New York.

Dunne, L. ( 1990 ) . Nutrition Almanac: Third Eddition. McGraw-Hill Publishing. New York.

Giehl, D. ( 1979 ) . Vegetarianism: A Way of Life. Harper and Row Publishing. New York.

Hulsey, M. ( 1997 ) . Questioning Nutritional, Ethical, and, Ecological Arguments About Vegetarianism.

The European. ( 1992 ) . Doctors say Meat-eaters Face the Chop.

Tracy, L. ( 1985 ) . The Gradual Vegetarian. M.Evans and Company, Inc. New York.

Vegetarian Times. ( 1996 ) . Vegetarian Beginner & # 8217 ; s Guide. Macmillan. New York.

Winters, M. ( 1994 ) . Vegetarian Athletes Need to Balance Protein in Their Diet.

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