I will also go over Violence in the Schools and provide some helpful information to better understand what the crime is and what the law does to protect the victims. School violence, is any form of violent activity or activities inside the school premises. It includes bullying, physical abuses, verbal abuses, brawl, shooting etc. Bullying and physical abuses are the most common forms of violence that is associated with school violence. As the years gone by, the violence at school has gotten more and more frequent and in some cases, dangerous.
For example Columbine High School massacre in Colorado in 1999 and how about, Virginia Tech Massacre in 2007. It’s surprising to find out that young students could go to such extremities. Violent Crimes When you think of violent crimes, right away murder or homicide comes to mind, however, Hate crime is the violence of intolerance and bigotry, and also considered a violent crime. Intended to hurt and intimidate someone because of their, ethnicity, race, sexual orientation, national origin, disability, or religious.
The source of hate use explosives, arson, weapons, vandalism, physical violence, and verbal threats of violence to instill fear in their victims, leaving them vulnerable to more attacks and feeling separated, helpless, skeptical and fearful. Some may become upset and irritated if they believe the local government will not protect them. When offenders of hate crimes are not charged or punished for the crime, it sends a sign that basically no one cares about the victim. When really that’s not the case.
I just feel that maybe society wasn’t sure on how to handle and deal with the crime. In 1990, the Hate Crimes Statics Act, the federal government began to gather data about certian categories of hate crimes. Hate crimes are unlike then other violent crimes, hate crimes have an effect on both the direct target and the communities of which the individuals are a member, which makes them different from other crimes. Victims of violent hate crimes may endure from more psychological distress for example, depression, distress, stress, anxiety and anger to mention a few.
In 1997, CRS was involved in 135 hate crime cases that caused or intensified community racial and ethnic tensions. As authorized by the Civil Rights Act of 1964, CRS became involved only in those cases in which the criminal offender was motivated by the victim’s race, color, or national origin. Of all hate crime incidents reported to the U. S. Department of Justice’s Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) in 1996, 72 percent were motivated by the victim’s race, color, or national origin. (http://www. ustice. gov/crs/pubs/htecrm. htm). Of all crimes, hate crimes are most likely to create or intensify tensions, which can trigger larger community-wide ethnic conflict, civil conflict, and even riots. Hate crimes put cities and towns at-risk of serious social and economic consequences. The direct costs of racial conflicts and civil disturbances are police, fire, and medical employees’ overtime, injury or death, business and residential property loss, and damage to vehicles and equipment.
Hate crime actually affects the whole community. For example, if a riot breaks out, a lot of damage can occur, such as broken windows to homes and businesses, as well as vehicles. Long-term recovery is held up by a decline in property values, which results in lower tax revenues, shortage of funds for rebuilding, and increased insurance rates. Businesses and residents abandon these neighborhoods, leaving empty buildings to be a magnet for crime, and the quality of schools decline due to the loss of tax income.
A city may have no choice but to cut services or raise taxes or leave the area in its post-riot condition until market forces of supply and demand rebuild the area. Victims and Perpetrators In 1996, the FBI received reports of 10,706 hate crimes from State and local law enforcement agencies, involving 11,039 victims, and 10,021 known perpetrators. The crimes included 12 murders, 10 forcible rapes, 1,444 aggravated assaults, 1,762 simple assaults, and 4,130 acts of intimidation. Among the known perpetrators, 66 percent were white, and 20 percent were black.