War and terrorism
Terrorism is an act that threatens or carries out violence with the intention to disrupt, kill or coerce against a body or nation in order to impose will. This means that a lot of groups use this method to get what they want. The groups use a variety of methods, groups such as: Al Qaeda, who mainly use suicide bombing methods, this is good, because it means there are lots of deaths. This leads to scare and forcing the Government to negotiate. Another group, the IRA, the Irish Republican Army use assassinations and guerilla warfare tactics to cause terrorism.
The ETA, Euskadi Ta Askatasuna use bombing tactics. Destroying key economic targets in Spain, such as railroads. The terrorist organisation, Hezbollah use the same type of tactic as Al Qaeda, suicide bombings. The KKK, Ku Klux Klan, is a racist group in America that attack groups of none white Americans. They use beatings and propaganda as their method of terrorism.
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P4: Discuss the methods used by UK Public Services to counter both National and International terrorism. The methods used by the UK Public Services vary depending on the situation. One method used is under cover operations by the Public Services.
This includes searching houses for any suspicious activity that may lead terrorist attacks. By searching the houses they are looking for evidence and potentially stopping a terrorist attack. Border control is being tightened up. They stop anyone who they think has a suspicious record, brings illegal substances into the country. They have Border control officers who search suspects, using metal detectors, sniffer dogs The Public Services who deal with the terrorism issues like to share their information with other countries terrorism authorities.
By doing this all the Terrorism authorities will have intelligence as to what terrorist acts are taking place in other countries. This may help them to tackle terrorist issues in their own country. M2: Analyse the measures used to combat national and International Terrorism. The rise in terrorist activities means that more counter terrorist methods are mandatory. Currently the Public Services counter terrorist threats reasonably well, especially since the Twin Towers were bombed. This bombing sparked a major increase in counter terrorism.
Now, terrorist activity has significantly lowered, this is because new acts have been passed to aid in countering terrorism. The Counter terrorism Act 2008 was created, and gives Public Services the right to stop terrorism in many ways. The methods used now are a lot more advanced, for example, airports used to be a lot easier to attack with terrorism, but now use a lot of security methods that were not around or used during the time the Twin Towers were bombed. Security measures such as metal detectors, CCTV cameras and sniffer dogs.
Some of these security measures will have been in effect, but not mandatory. D1: Evaluate the impact of War, Conflict and terrorism on the UK Public Services. War, conflict and terrorism impact’s the UK public Services greatly. In this passage we are going to evaluate the impact of this. With war and terrorism it is going to cost the Ministry of Defence (MOD). This is because they are going to have to spend money on training the troops, buying more ammunition and equipment etc.
In this current economic state it is not easy for the government to fund the MOD needs. The Public Services will also benefit from some incidents. This is because they will gain training and knowledge f a particular incident. With this they can see their strong and weaknesses and then improve on them. For example, if there is a chemical spillage, the Fire Service will tackle the incident, and then be able to de-brief and work on a strategy for any similar future incident.
However, with war and terrorism it is more likely the personnel of Armed Forces have more chance of losing their lives. This is because they are on the front line and have a higher chance of obtaining an injury. This is going to affect the personnel’s families as they may have to do deal with the tragedy. Another positive that comes from war, conflict and terrorism, is the media coverage. Media means that there is a lot more publicity and so the services will get more support and money, allowing them to get more equipment and training.
On the other hand, if an incident is dealt with poorly, then the media will report this, meaning the public will see, this is not good. This may change the public’s perception on the Armed Forces may change because if the public see a bad story that goes against them then the public will not have as much trust in the Armed Forces. Terrorism can create tension between countries. With this, wars can be started, and this affects the UK Armed Forces. This is because the army will then have to defend and fight the enemy who started the terrorism.