Why Did Mao Intervene in the Korean War?
Moreover, after America joined the Korean War in July 1st (Hastings 513) and Chiang offered 30,000 Nationalist troops to fight on America’s side (Crocker 34), the CCP government widely contended that this meant a “general plot to surround and attack China” (Chen 128). Although Chang and Halliday argue that Chinese troops fought “the Americans for Stalin in exchange for Soviet technology and equipment” (Chang and Halliday 373), Chen Jian states that Mao’s utmost aim was to create a stable and strong PRC government (Chen 128).
In order to achieve consolidation of his control over China, which was crucial in a newly formed nation, the CCP regime had to prove its aptness to China by securing the nation from external threats. Invading Taiwan would have hindered the consolidation of the PRC government since it would weaken the CCP due to the great cost and time that the invasion required. Therefore, an educated extrapolation would be that to achieve the goal of consolidation, as many historians including Lynch suggested, Mao had to make a reluctant decision to join the Korean War to ward off the Americans who sought to combat communism in Asia.
E: Conclusion There are mainly three motivations behind Mao’s intervention in the Korean War. First, Mao did not want to seem reluctant to join the war, fearing that doing so might pull USSR back from providing aid to China when he later tried to invade Taiwan, and Mao needed Soviet technology to successfully execute his plan. The second motivation was his obligation to help North Korea, who helped Mao during anti-Japanese resistance, the Chinese revolution and the Chinese Civil War. Also, Mao felt the need to secure his neighboring communist ally from America.
The biggest reason was Mao’s concern of American aggression. Already having experienced a ghastly invasion of Japan in 1937, Mao thought that allowing his enemy, America, to approach the Korean-Chinese border would give them a chance to invade China just like Japan had done before. Also, American intervention in the Taiwan Strait Crisis made Mao believe in American aggression to the CCP regime. To prevent further aggression that could damage a newly founded nation, and thus consolidate the CCP regime, Mao joined the war against America. F: Bibliography Behnke, Alison. Kim Jong Il’s North Korea.