Work Motivation And Work Engag…
Christain, Ghaza and Slaughter (2011), Kahn (1990) and May, Gilson and Harter (2004) linked motivation and employee engagement. Many studies found indirect relationship between motivation and employee engagement. Motivation and employee engagement result in increased firm productivity and employee performance, most scholars have linked motivation and engagement to high profit and employee performance. Intrinsic motivation has also been linked with employee engagement from organizational and contextual factors, but little empirical evidence support this statement (Deci & Ryan, 1985; Chalofsky & Krishna, 2009, p.
189-190).WORK MOTIVATION AND HAPPINESS AND WELL-BEINGDiener and Suh (1997) note that the central elements of well-being are based on people’s most important values and goals: subjective well-being ‘is most likely to be experienced when people work for and make progress towards personal goals that derive from their important values’. Goal conflict or ambivalence, on the other hand, is associated with diminished well-being (Diener et al. 1999).WORK ENGAGEMENT AND AFFECTA study done by Rayton (2012) established that work engagement mediates the relationship between employee affect and job performance while playing no role in the determination of employee intention to quit.WORK ENGAGEMENT AND EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCERavichandran et al. (2011) conducted a study taking 119 information technology employees and examined that there is a weak but positive correlation between emotional intelligence and work engagement.
Work Motivation And Work Engag… Essay Example
It indicates that emotional intelligence influences engagement of an employee up to a certain limit.HAPPINESS AND WELL-BEING AND COMPASSIONThe results of the research done by Mongrain, Chin ; Shapira (2010) suggest that practicing compassion can provide lasting improvements in happiness and self esteem, and may be beneficial for anxious individuals in the short run.HAPPINESS AND WELL-BEING AND EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCEA meta-analysis done by Alvarez (2014) includes studies concerning the relationships between emotional intelligence (EI) and subjective well-being (SWB). The results provided evidence of a positive significant relationship between EI and SWB (? = 0.32). Palmer et al., (2002) have identified a positive relationship between emotional intelligence and life satisfaction among Spanish undergraduates.
Furthermore, Augusto et al. (2008) Extremera ; Fernandez- Berrocal (2006) and Gohm and Clore, (2002) have also identified positive relationships between emotional intelligence and psychological well-being in their studies.AFFECT AND EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCEJordan, Ashkanasy, Hartel, and Cooper (2002) probed the linkage of EI and work states related to emotional processes and argued that employees with high emotional intelligence experience less negative emotional reactions than their low counterparts. Moreover, individuals with higher EI facilitate greater positive affect because of their greater capacity to perceive and reason around emotions (Mayer ; Salovey, 1997). Some other studies have demonstrated that EI is a correlate of positive affect (Extremera, ; Rey, 2016; Lopes, Grewal, Kadis, Gall, ; Salovey, 2006; Schutte, Malouff, Simunek, McKenley, ; Hollander, 2002).COMPASSION AND EIIn a study done by Beauvais, Andreychik ; Henkel (1994) results showed that whereas higher levels of emotional intelligence, empathy for others’ positive emotions, and empathy for others’ negative emotions were associated with greater compassion satisfaction, only higher levels of emotional intelligence and empathy for positive emotions were associated with reduced fatigue and burnout.