World History B: The Early Years of Cold War

The nation that suffered the GREATEST losses in lives and property damage during World War II was
the U.S.S.R.
The term “Holocaust” refers to the
planned extermination of Jews in Nazi death camps
After World War II, Germany was divided into four occupation zones with a zone each for Great Britain, the Soviet Union, the United States, and
France
Peace treaties were signed in 1947 with all of the following Axis nations, EXCEPT
Austria
Almost all of the nations of Eastern Europe became satellite states of the Soviet Union between 1945 and 1948 because
election were manipulated by communists placed by the U.S.S.R.
The “iron curtain” in Europe refers to
barriers to prevent travel and communication between Eastern and Western Europe
Under its foreign policy of containment, the United States promised to
prevent further expansion of Soviet domination of other nations
All of the following nations received Marshall Plan aid from the United States, EXCEPT
Poland
President Tito of Yugoslavia was able to resist pressures from the Soviet Union in 1948 to become a Soviet satellite state because
there were no Soviet troops in Yugoslavia
The only non-communist nation in the Balkans in 1948 was
Greece
The Charter of the United States Nations was adopted
in the year World War II ended
The Security Council of the United States Nations CURRENTLY has how many members?
15
Which of the major organs (parts) of the United Nations has had its workload and jurisdiction considerably decreased since the United Nations began?
Trusteeship Council
The Secretariat of the United Nations is MOST similar to what part of a national government?
executive branch
Which of the following members of NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization) was NOT a founding member in 1949?
West Germany
The Warsaw Pact is the East European counterpart of
NATO
The Berlin Airlift was conducted in 1948 and 1949 in response to
Soviet action barring road and rail traffic between Berlin and the West
The Soviet and East German blockade Berlin lasted for
almost a year
The capital city of West Germany when it became an independent nation was
Bonn
When South Korea was invaded by North Korea, direct military assistance to resist aggression come from
The United Nations which called for members to send troops
The estimated number of Jews killed in Europe during the Holocaust is
6 million
The concept of war crimes in international law
became established at the end of World War II
All of the following Nazi leaders committed suicide, EXCEPT
Rudolf Hess
The Declaration on Liberated Europe submitted by the United States at the Yalta Conference called for
coalition interim government in liberated nations and free electrons
In 1947, Turkey received United States military and economic aid under the
Truman Doctrine
The only Axis nation to gain territory under the peace treaties ending World War II was
Bulgaria
In 1946, the United Nations and the Western Allies forced the Soviet Union to withdraw from
Iran
The Cominform was established by the Soviet Union to
aid communist parties in West European nations
The Soviet Union applied pressure on Turkey to
share control of the Bosphorus and Dardanelles Straits
The nations of Eastern Europe did NOT apply for Marshall Plan aid because
the Soviet Union prevented the from applying for the assistance
All of the following nations were original member of NATO, EXCEPT
Ireland
The Berlin Airlift demonstrated that
the U.S. was committed to the defense of Berlin against the U.S.S.R.
The Soviet did not shoot down United States cargo planes flying across East Germany during the Berlin Airlift because the Soviet
policy-makers were unwilling to take the risk of a military response form the United States
The FIRST chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany when it was established in 1949 was
Konard Adenauer
In the years following the death of Stalin, relations between the Soviet Union and the Western powers
improved for a while, but ten became more strained
The Korean War ended after the three years of fighting in
an armistice
North Korea was assisted in its war with South Korea by the armed forces of
Communist China
The Soviet Union, Great Britain, the United States, and France signed a peace treaty in 1955 with
Austria
The “spirit of Geneva” refers to
friendly relations at a summit meeting of U.S.S.R. and Western leaders
The president of the United States who attended summit meetings in 1955 and 1960 and who hosted Khrushchev during a visit to the United States was
Dwight Eisenhower
The U-2 incident refers to
a United States spy plane that was shot down over the U.S.S.R.
The Berlin Wall was built by the East Germans and the Soviet Union to
stop the floor of refugees leaving East Germany for the West via West Berlin
Which East European government, following anti-Soviet demonstrations in 1956, chose a leader opposed by the U.S.S.R. who succeeded in obtaining some independence in governing his nation?
Poland
Soviet tanks and troops were sent to crush a democratic, anti-communist revolution in 1956 in
Hungary
During the Soviet suppression of the revolution in Hungary in 1956, the United Nations
condemned the U.S.S.R. and called for Soviet withdrawal
All of the following were weapons used in the Cold War, EXCEPT
armed conflict between Soviet and U.S. or West European forces
The communist nation in Eastern Europe that broke with the Soviet Union and became politically and philosophically allied with Communist China was
Albania
How many votes are needed to pass resolution on issues to importance in the Security Council of the United Nations?
9 votes, including those of the permanent members
Why are three of the fiver permanent members of the Security Council from Europe?
They were among the major allies that defeated Germany and Japan in World War II.
The United Nations has been MOST successful in
ending fighting between small nations
A United Nations agency that specializes in developing programs to improve nutrition and the production of farms, forests, and fisheries is the
FAO
The United Nations has been involved in a number of Arab-Israeli conflicts in the Middle East by
sending peacekeeping forces to supervise cease-fire agreements
One of the MAJOR successes of the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) of the United Nations has been to
eradicate smallpox though vaccinations in less-developed nations
The justices of the International Court of Justice are
elected by the General Assembly and Security Council of the U.N.
Under international law, the open oceans are
free to be used by any nations merchant or naval vessels
The U.S. policy of containing communism began with the issuance of the Truman Doctrine. In what year was the Truman Doctrine announced?
1947
The commemoration of Berlin airlift in 19998 marked which anniversary of the historic event?
50th
For how many years did the Berlin Wall, a symbol of the Cold War, remain standing?
28 years
How many years did the Cold War last?
45 years
The Federal Republic of Germany established by the United States, Great Britain, and France in 1949 is
nation 5
The city of Berlin is located in
nation 6
A communist-led nation that successfully resister domination by the Soviet Union was
nation 8
The Truman Doctrine provided economic and military aid to
nation 9
The shaded areas on the map were
annexed by the Soviet Union between 1940 and 1945
Which of the following nations was a fascist dictatorship in 1946?
nation 2
All of the following nations became members of NATO, EXCEPT
nation 1
The nation that became a communist state dominated by the Soviet Union in a 1948 military takeover was
nation C
The permanent European members of the Security Council of the United Nations are
nations 3, 4, and 12
Pressure from the United Nations and Western nations in 1946 forced the Soviet Union to withdraw troops from
nation 13
United Nations peacekeeping forces were sent in 1964 to supervise a cease-fire line to prevent a renewal of fighting in Cyrus at
location W
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