Worlds Together, Worlds Apart
During 1600-1750, the explorers from the countries of Europe continue to explore for new countries to populate and riches to export back to their country. Some of the reasons the Europeans felt enhanced to the natives they came upon were their superior technology and different religious beliefs.
The civilizations of Asia and the Middle East remained within their natural boundaries because the leaders of Japan, China, India and the Middle East were comfortable within their countries.New ideas exchanged with the people of different cultures bring new learning, inventions, and technology specially to the growing cities of Europe. Europe becomes the center of wealth, power, and colonization. The need for silver, sugar, spices, silks, cotton and porcelain drove trade so that products from each global region could be found virtually every. ‘here else. Silver allowed economies to become commercialism and began to strengthen the hand of European trade. Some states became stronger because of trade( England, France, Holland, Japan).
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Others became destabilize( the Mussels, the Mining, the Ottomans, the Safaris). European found wealth in the new worlds fertile ands by building plantations or harvesting furs. Wealth turned to military power very quickly. Economics and politics became closely intertwined with one providing resources and the other defense. Settlement of the Caribbean gave a boost to the African slave trade. Plantation managers worked slaves to death under horrifying living conditions, slaves worked six days a week morning to night.Slaves were transported to slave ports along the African coast where many died of hunger and disease waiting for a ships hold to be full.
African slavers who captured and sold slaves to European buyers profited greatly. Regional leaders fought over control of the slave trade. Port cities harbored most wealth while the interior became penniless and stripped of its country population. The Dutch East India Company monopolized the spice trade of southeast Asia adopting aggressive policies against rivals. The Ottomans were forced to relinquish major European holdings due to poor leadership and economics becoming out of balance.The McHugh Empire taxed land owners and let trade come to India, this increased trade wealth, deed to the use of silver as the medium of exchange and provided new crops for Indian peasants. On the down side growing wealth among china’s local leaders weakened central control of the Mining and Mussels in India.
Overseas trade produced no profits for the court but exceedingly enriched local merchants and smugglers. China’s economy experienced rapid growth and associated problems. Silver imports stimulated growth and increased revenues but hurt the peasantry.China suffered from inflation when too much silver was injected into china’s domestic economy. Disruptions in the flow of silver from outside china also injured the local economy. Europeans has established considerable presence in Japan as traders and missionaries, constant fighting and competition disrupted stability. Japanese authorities banned Christianity which led to violent suppressions and expulsions of foreign missionaries.
Under strict supervision only the Dutch could trade with Japan. Between 1600 and 1 750, religion, commerce, and warfare helped transform Europe and change the nature of political authority.