Violence by young people is one of the most visible forms of violence. Both fatal and non-fatal assaults involving young people contribute greatly to the global burden of premature death, injury and disability. Youth violence deeply harms not only its victims, but also their families, friends and communities. There are close links between youth violence and other forms of violence. Violent young people frequently commit a range of crimes and display other social and psychological problems.
Address the developmental pathways of delinquency and violent behavior and the context in which these behaviors occur and some of the challenges associated with disrupting these pathways and preventing violence. What has already been done to prevent youth violence? The most common interventions seek to change individual’s attitudes and beliefs. They are designed to help children and adolescents manage anger, resolve conflict, and develop the necessary social skills to solve problems.
Another common set of prevention strategies addressing youth violence focus on early intervention with children and families. These programs provide parents with discipline monitor and supervise children, as well as how to manage family conflict and improve communication. Community and societal approaches: range from public information campaigns and community policing to improve settings such as schools and hospitals. Also legislative, judicial and educational reforms as well as other policy reforms designed to mitigate the effects of rapid social change to tackle violence among youths.
There are no known strong risk factors for youth violence in the family domain, but low socioeconomic status/poverty and having antisocial parents are moderate factors. Poorly educated parents may be unable to help their children with schoolwork and children living in poor neighborhoods generally have less access to recreational and cultural opportunities. Many poor families live in violent neighborhoods, and exposure to violence can adversely affect both parents and children.
Limited social and economic resources contribute to parental stress, child abuse and neglect, damaged parent-child relations, and family breakup – all risk factors. Violent, criminal parents represent an environmental rather than a genetic risk factor. Children learn violent behavior by observing their parents rather than by inheriting a propensity for violence. Children need reasonable, consistent discipline to establish the boundaries of acceptable and unacceptable behavior.
Children who are treated harshly may view rough treatment as acceptable, those who are given no guidance may engage in whatever behavior gets them what they want. Broken homes: includes divorced, separated or never-married parents and a child’s separation from parents before age 16. Abusive parenting in general and neglect in particular are predictors of later violence. Neglected children are less likely to be supervised or taught appropriate behavior.